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Re: PROBLEM: XFS on ARM corruption 'Structure needs cleaning'

To: Török Edwin <edwin@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: PROBLEM: XFS on ARM corruption 'Structure needs cleaning'
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 12 Jun 2015 09:54:04 -0400
Cc: Karanvir Singh <karanvir.singh@xxxxxxxx>, Christopher Squires <christopher.squires@xxxxxxxx>, Wayne Burri <wayne.burri@xxxxxxxx>, Eric Sandeen <sandeen@xxxxxxxxxxx>, Luca Gibelli <luca@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <557AD4D4.3010901@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
References: <5579296A.8010208@xxxxxxxxxxxx> <20150611151620.GB59168@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <5579A904.3020204@xxxxxxxxxxxx> <5579AE85.5080203@xxxxxxxxxxx> <5579B034.4070503@xxxxxxxxxxx> <5579B804.9050707@xxxxxxxxxxxx> <20150612122108.GB60661@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <557AD4D4.3010901@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)
On Fri, Jun 12, 2015 at 03:47:16PM +0300, Török Edwin wrote:
> On 06/12/2015 03:21 PM, Brian Foster wrote:
> > On Thu, Jun 11, 2015 at 07:32:04PM +0300, Török Edwin wrote:
> >> On 06/11/2015 06:58 PM, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> >>> On 6/11/15 10:51 AM, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> >>>> On 6/11/15 10:28 AM, Török Edwin wrote:
> >>>>> On 06/11/2015 06:16 PM, Brian Foster wrote:
> >>>>>> On Thu, Jun 11, 2015 at 09:23:38AM +0300, Török Edwin wrote:
> >>>>>>> [1.] XFS on ARM corruption 'Structure needs cleaning'
> >>>>>>> [2.] Full description of the problem/report:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> I have been running XFS sucessfully on x86-64 for years, however I'm 
> >>>>>>> having trouble running it on ARM.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Running the testcase below [7.] reliably reproduces the filesystem 
> >>>>>>> corruption starting from a freshly
> >>>>>>> created XFS filesystem: running ls after 'sxadm node --new --batch 
> >>>>>>> /export/dfs/a/b' shows a 'Structure needs cleaning' error,
> >>>>>>> and dmesg shows a corruption error [6.].
> >>>>>>> xfs_repair 3.1.9 is not able to repair the corruption: after mounting 
> >>>>>>> the repair filesystem
> >>>>>>> I still get the 'Structure needs cleaning' error.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Note: using /export/dfs/a/b is important for reproducing the problem: 
> >>>>>>> if I only use one level of directories in /export/dfs then the problem
> >>>>>>> doesn't reproduce. Also if I use a tuned version of sxadm that 
> >>>>>>> creates fewer database files then the problem doesn't reproduce 
> >>>>>>> either.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> [3.] Keywords: filesystems, XFS corruption, ARM
> >>>>>>> [4.] Kernel information
> >>>>>>> [4.1.] Kernel version (from /proc/version):
> >>>>>>> Linux hornet34 3.14.3-00088-g7651c68 #24 Thu Apr 9 16:13:46 MDT 2015 
> >>>>>>> armv7l GNU/Linux
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>> ...
> >>>>>>> [5.] Most recent kernel version which did not have the bug: Unknown, 
> >>>>>>> first kernel I try on ARM
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> [6.] dmesg stacktrace
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> [4627578.440000] XFS (sda4): Mounting Filesystem
> >>>>>>> [4627578.510000] XFS (sda4): Ending clean mount
> >>>>>>> [4627621.470000] dd6ee000: 58 46 53 42 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 37 40 
> >>>>>>> 21 00  XFSB........7@!.
> >>>>>>> [4627621.480000] dd6ee010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 
> >>>>>>> 00 00  ................
> >>>>>>> [4627621.490000] dd6ee020: 5b 08 7f 79 0e 3a 46 3d 9b ea 26 ad 9d 62 
> >>>>>>> 17 8d  [..y.:F=..&..b..
> >>>>>>> [4627621.490000] dd6ee030: 00 00 00 00 20 00 00 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 
> >>>>>>> 00 80  .... ...........
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Just a data point... the magic number here looks like a superblock 
> >>>>>> magic
> >>>>>> (XFSB) rather than one of the directory magic numbers. I'm wondering if
> >>>>>> a buffer disk address has gone bad somehow or another.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Does this happen to be a large block device? I don't see any partition
> >>>>>> or xfs_info data below. If so, it would be interesting to see if this
> >>>>>> reproduces on a smaller device. It does appear that the large block
> >>>>>> device option is enabled in the kernel config above, however, so maybe
> >>>>>> that's unrelated.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> This is mkfs.xfs /dev/sda4:
> >>>>> meta-data=/dev/sda4              isize=256    agcount=4, 
> >>>>> agsize=231737408 blks
> >>>>>          =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=0
> >>>>> data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=926949632, 
> >>>>> imaxpct=5
> >>>>>          =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
> >>>>> naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0
> >>>>> log      =internal log           bsize=4096   blocks=452612, version=2
> >>>>>          =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
> >>>>> realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0
> >>>>>
> >>>>> But it also reproduces with this small loopback file:
> >>>>> meta-data=/tmp/xfs.test          isize=256    agcount=2, agsize=5120 
> >>>>> blks
> >>>>>          =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=0
> >>>>> data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=10240, imaxpct=25
> >>>>>          =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
> >>>>> naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0
> >>>>> log      =internal log           bsize=4096   blocks=1200, version=2
> >>>>>          =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
> >>>>> realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0
> >>>>
> >>>> ok so not a block number overflow issue, thanks.
> >>>>
> >>>>> You can have a look at xfs.test here: 
> >>>>> http://vol-public.s3.indian.skylable.com:8008/armel/testcase/xfs.test.gz
> >>>>>
> >>>>> If I loopback mount that on an x86-64 box it doesn't show the 
> >>>>> corruption message though ...
> >>>>
> >>>> FWIW, this is the 2nd report we've had of something similar, both on 
> >>>> Armv7, both ok on x86_64.
> >>>>
> >>>> I'll take a look at your xfs.test; that's presumably copied after it 
> >>>> reported the error, and you unmounted it before uploading, correct?  And 
> >>>> it was mkfs'd on armv7, never mounted or manipulated in any way on 
> >>>> x86_64?
> >>
> >> Thanks, yes it was mkfs.xfs on ARMv7 and unmounted.
> >>
> >>>
> >>> Oh, and what were the kernel messages when you produced the corruption 
> >>> with xfs.txt?
> >>
> >> Takes only a couple of minutes to reproduce the issue so I've prepared a 
> >> fresh set of xfs2.test and corresponding kernel messages to make sure its 
> >> all consistent.
> >> Freshly created XFS by mkfs.xfs: 
> >> http://vol-public.s3.indian.skylable.com:8008/armel/testcase/xfs2.test.orig.gz
> >> The corrupted XFS: 
> >> http://vol-public.s3.indian.skylable.com:8008/armel/testcase/xfs2.test.corrupted.gz
> >>
> > 
> > I managed to get an updated kernel on a beaglebone I had sitting around,
> > but I don't reproduce any errors with the "corrupted" image (I think
> > we've established that the image is fine on-disk and something is going
> > awry at runtime):
> > 
> > root@beaglebone:~# uname -a
> > Linux beaglebone 3.14.1+ #5 SMP Thu Jun 11 20:58:02 EDT 2015 armv7l 
> > GNU/Linux
> > root@beaglebone:~# mount ./xfs2.test.corrupted /mnt/
> > root@beaglebone:~# ls -al /mnt/a/
> > total 12
> > drwxr-xr-x 3 root root   14 Jun 11 16:11 .
> > drwxr-xr-x 3 root root   14 Jun 11 16:11 ..
> > drwxr-x--- 2 root root 8192 Jun 11 16:11 b
> > root@beaglebone:~# ls -al /mnt/a/b/
> > total 17996
> > drwxr-x--- 2 root root    8192 Jun 11 16:11 .
> > drwxr-xr-x 3 root root      14 Jun 11 16:11 ..
> > -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   12288 Jun 11 16:11 events.db
> > -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   15360 Jun 11 16:11 f00000000.db
> > -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   15360 Jun 11 16:11 f00000001.db
> > -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   15360 Jun 11 16:11 f00000002.db
> > -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   15360 Jun 11 16:11 f00000003.db
> > ...
> > root@beaglebone:~#
> > 
> > I echo Dave's suggestion down thread with regard to toolchain. This
> > kernel was compiled with the following cross-gcc (installed via Fedora
> > package):
> > 
> >     gcc version 4.9.2 20150212 (Red Hat Cross 4.9.2-5) (GCC) 
> > 
> > Are you using something different?
> 
> /proc/version says:
> 
> Linux version 3.14.3-00088-g7651c68 (jenkins@boulder-jenkins) (gcc version 
> 4.6.3 (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.6.3-1ubuntu5) ) #24 Thu Apr 9 16:13:46 MDT 2015
> 
> I'll get back to you when I have a new kernel running.
> 

Ok. FWIW, I just tried rebuilding with the following 4.6.3 toolchain:

https://www.kernel.org/pub/tools/crosstool/files/bin/x86_64/4.6.3/x86_64-gcc-4.6.3-nolibc_arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi.tar.xz

... and still didn't reproduce any errors. Of course, this probably
doesn't have whatever patches and whatnot might be included in the
distro 4.6.3 toolchain. It could be worth a try depending on what
happens with a newer kernel, though.

Brian

> Best regards,
> --Edwin
> 
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