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Re: XFS corrupt after RAID failure and resync

To: David Raffelt <david.raffelt@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: XFS corrupt after RAID failure and resync
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 18:16:17 -0500
Cc: stefanrin@xxxxxxxxx, "xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx" <xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
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User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)
On Wed, Jan 07, 2015 at 07:34:37AM +1100, David Raffelt wrote:
> Hi Brian and Stefan,
> Thanks for your reply.  I checked the status of the array after the rebuild
> (and before the reset).
> 
> md0 : active raid6 sdd1[8] sdc1[4] sda1[3] sdb1[7] sdi1[5] sde1[1]
>       14650667520 blocks super 1.2 level 6, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [7/6]
> [UUUUUU_]
> 
> However given that I've never had any problems before with mdadm rebuilds I
> did not think to check the data before rebooting.  Note that the array is
> still in this state. Before the reboot I tried to run a smartctl check on
> the failed drives and it could not read them. When I rebooted I did not
> actually replace any drives, I just power cycled to see if I could
> re-access the drives that were thrown out of the array. According to
> smartctl they are completely fine.
> 
> I guess there is no way I can re-add the old drives and remove the newly
> synced drive?  Even though I immediately kicked all users off the system
> when I got the mdadm alert, it's possible a small amount of data was
> written to the array during the resync.
> 
> It looks like the filesystem was not unmounted properly before reboot:
> Jan 06 09:11:54 server systemd[1]: Failed unmounting /export/data.
> Jan 06 09:11:54 server systemd[1]: Shutting down.
> 
> Here is the mount errors in the log after rebooting:
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): Mounting Filesystem
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount and
> run xfs_repair
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount and
> run xfs_repair
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount and
> run xfs_repair
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): metadata I/O error: block 0x400
> ("xfs_trans_read_buf_map") error 117 numblks 16
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): xfs_imap_to_bp:
> xfs_trans_read_buf() returned error 117.
> Jan 06 09:15:17 server kernel: XFS (md0): failed to read root inode
> 

So it fails to read the root inode. You could also try to read said
inode via xfs_db (e.g., 'sb,' 'p rootino,' 'inode <ino#>,' 'p') and see
what it shows.

Are you able to run xfs_metadump against the fs? If so and you're
willing/able to make the dump available somewhere (compressed), I'd be
interested to take a look to see what might be causing the difference in
behavior between repair and xfs_db.

Brian

> xfs_repair -n -L also complains about a bad magic number.
> 
> Unfortunately this 15TB RAID was part of a 45TB GlusterFS distributed
> volume. It was only ever meant to be a scratch drive for intermediate
> scientific results, however inevitably most users used it to store lots of
> data. Oh well.
> 
> Thanks again,
> Dave
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> On 6 January 2015 at 23:47, Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> 
> > On Tue, Jan 06, 2015 at 05:12:14PM +1100, David Raffelt wrote:
> > > Hi again,
> > > Some more information.... the kernel log show the following errors were
> > > occurring after the RAID recovery, but before I reset the server.
> > >
> >
> > By after the raid recovery, you mean after the two drives had failed out
> > and 1 hot spare was activated and resync completed? It certainly seems
> > like something went wrong in this process. The output below looks like
> > it's failing to read in some inodes. Is there any stack trace output
> > that accompanies these error messages to confirm?
> >
> > I suppose I would try to verify that the array configuration looks sane,
> > but after the hot spare resync and then one or two other drive
> > replacements (was the hot spare ultimately replaced?), it's hard to say
> > whether it might be recoverable.
> >
> > Brian
> >
> > > Jan 06 00:00:27 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount
> > and
> > > run xfs_repair
> > > Jan 06 00:00:27 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount
> > and
> > > run xfs_repair
> > > Jan 06 00:00:27 server kernel: XFS (md0): Corruption detected. Unmount
> > and
> > > run xfs_repair
> > > Jan 06 00:00:27 server kernel: XFS (md0): metadata I/O error: block
> > > 0x36b106c00 ("xfs_trans_read_buf_map") error 117 numblks 16
> > > Jan 06 00:00:27 server kernel: XFS (md0): xfs_imap_to_bp:
> > > xfs_trans_read_buf() returned error 117.
> > >
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Dave
> >
> > > _______________________________________________
> > > xfs mailing list
> > > xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
> > > http://oss.sgi.com/mailman/listinfo/xfs
> >
> >
> 
> 
> -- 
> *David Raffelt (PhD)*
> Postdoctoral Fellow
> 
> The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
> Melbourne Brain Centre - Austin Campus
> 245 Burgundy Street
> Heidelberg Vic 3084
> Ph: +61 3 9035 7024
> www.florey.edu.au

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