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Re: [PATCH-v4 2/7] vfs: add support for a lazytime mount option

To: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@xxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH-v4 2/7] vfs: add support for a lazytime mount option
From: Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 27 Nov 2014 14:14:21 +0100
Cc: Linux Filesystem Development List <linux-fsdevel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Linux btrfs Developers List <linux-btrfs@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, XFS Developers <xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <1416997437-26092-3-git-send-email-tytso@xxxxxxx>
References: <1416997437-26092-1-git-send-email-tytso@xxxxxxx> <1416997437-26092-3-git-send-email-tytso@xxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)
On Wed 26-11-14 05:23:52, Ted Tso wrote:
> Add a new mount option which enables a new "lazytime" mode.  This mode
> causes atime, mtime, and ctime updates to only be made to the
> in-memory version of the inode.  The on-disk times will only get
> updated when (a) if the inode needs to be updated for some non-time
> related change, (b) if userspace calls fsync(), syncfs() or sync(), or
> (c) just before an undeleted inode is evicted from memory.
> This is OK according to POSIX because there are no guarantees after a
> crash unless userspace explicitly requests via a fsync(2) call.
> For workloads which feature a large number of random write to a
> preallocated file, the lazytime mount option significantly reduces
> writes to the inode table.  The repeated 4k writes to a single block
> will result in undesirable stress on flash devices and SMR disk
> drives.  Even on conventional HDD's, the repeated writes to the inode
> table block will trigger Adjacent Track Interference (ATI) remediation
> latencies, which very negatively impact 99.9 percentile latencies ---
> which is a very big deal for web serving tiers (for example).
  So this looks better to me than previous versions but I'm still not 100%
happy :)

Looking into the code & your patch I'd prefer to do something like:
* add support for I_DIRTY_TIME in __mark_inode_dirty() - update_time will
  call __mark_inode_dirty() with this flag if any of the times was updated.
  That way we can just remove your ->write_time() callback - filesystems
  can just handle this in their ->dirty_inode() methods if they wish.
  __mark_inode_dirty() will take care of moving inode into proper writeback
  list (i_dirty / i_dirty_time), dirtied_when will be set to current time.
* change queue_io() to also call
        moved += move_expired_inodes(&wb->b_dirty_time, &wb->b_io, time + 
  For this you need to tweak move_expired_inodes() to take pointer to
  timestamp instead of pointer to work but that's trivial. Also you want
  probably leave time ->older_than_this value (i.e. without +24 hours) if
  we are doing WB_SYNC_ALL writeback. With this you can remove
  flush_sb_dirty_time() completely.
* Changes for iput() & fsync stay as they are.

And this should be all that's necessary. I'm not 100% sure about your dirty
bits naming changes - let's see how that will look like when the above more
substantial changes are done.

One technical detail below:

> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> index 8f5c4b5..9e464cc 100644
> --- a/fs/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/inode.c
> @@ -1430,11 +1430,22 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>   */
>  void iput(struct inode *inode)
>  {
> -     if (inode) {
> -             BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_CLEAR);
> -
> -             if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&inode->i_count, &inode->i_lock))
> -                     iput_final(inode);
> +     if (!inode)
> +             return;
> +     BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_CLEAR);
  I think we can better handle this without retry at this place like:
        if (atomic_read(&inode->i_count) == 1 && inode->i_nlink &&
            (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)) {
                if (inode->i_op->write_time)
                else if (inode->i_sb->s_op->write_inode)
  Sure it will be one more read of i_count in the fast path but that's IMO

BTW: Is the test for ->write_inode really needed? We don't do it e.g. in

> +retry:
> +     if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&inode->i_count, &inode->i_lock)) {
> +             if (inode->i_nlink && (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)) {
> +                     atomic_inc(&inode->i_count);
> +                     inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME;
> +                     spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> +                     if (inode->i_op->write_time)
> +                             inode->i_op->write_time(inode);
> +                     else if (inode->i_sb->s_op->write_inode)
> +                             mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
> +                     goto retry;
> +             }
> +             iput_final(inode);
>       }
>  }

Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>

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