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[PATCH v2] xfs: replace global xfslogd wq with per-mount xfs-iodone wq

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH v2] xfs: replace global xfslogd wq with per-mount xfs-iodone wq
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 11 Nov 2014 11:13:13 -0500
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
The xfslogd workqueue is a global, single-job workqueue for buffer ioend
processing. This means we allow for a single work item at a time for all
possible XFS mounts on a system. fsstress testing in loopback XFS over
XFS configurations has reproduced xfslogd deadlocks due to the single
threaded nature of the queue and dependencies introduced between the
separate XFS instances by online discard (-o discard).

Discard over a loopback device converts the discard request to a hole
punch (fallocate) on the underlying file. Online discard requests are
issued synchronously and from xfslogd context in XFS, hence the xfslogd
workqueue is blocked in the upper fs waiting on a hole punch request to
be servied in the lower fs. If the lower fs issues I/O that depends on
xfslogd to complete, both filesystems end up hung indefinitely. This is
reproduced reliabily by generic/013 on XFS->loop->XFS test devices with
the '-o discard' mount option.

Further, docker implementations appear to use this kind of configuration
for container instance filesystems by default (container fs->dm->
loop->base fs) and therefore are subject to this deadlock when running
on XFS.

Replace the global xfslogd workqueue with a per-mount variant. This
guarantees each mount access to a single worker and prevents deadlocks
due to inter-fs dependencies introduced by discard. Since the queue is
only responsible for iodone processing at this point in time, rename
xfslogd to xfs-iodone.

Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>

I've left the wq in xfs_mount rather than moved to the buftarg in this
version due to the questions expressed here:


... particularly around the potential creation of multiple (of what is
now) max_active=1 queues per-fs.


- Rename xfslogd workqueue to xfs-iodone.
v1: http://oss.sgi.com/archives/xfs/2014-10/msg00539.html

 fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c   | 13 ++-----------
 fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h |  1 +
 fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 11 ++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
index 24b4ebe..b7af140 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
@@ -44,8 +44,6 @@
 static kmem_zone_t *xfs_buf_zone;
-static struct workqueue_struct *xfslogd_workqueue;
 # define XB_SET_OWNER(bp)      ((bp)->b_last_holder = current->pid)
 # define XB_CLEAR_OWNER(bp)    ((bp)->b_last_holder = -1)
@@ -1053,7 +1051,8 @@ xfs_buf_ioend_async(
        struct xfs_buf  *bp)
        INIT_WORK(&bp->b_iodone_work, xfs_buf_ioend_work);
-       queue_work(xfslogd_workqueue, &bp->b_iodone_work);
+       queue_work(bp->b_target->bt_mount->m_iodone_workqueue,
+                  &bp->b_iodone_work);
@@ -1882,15 +1881,8 @@ xfs_buf_init(void)
        if (!xfs_buf_zone)
                goto out;
-       xfslogd_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("xfslogd",
-                               WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_FREEZABLE, 1);
-       if (!xfslogd_workqueue)
-               goto out_free_buf_zone;
        return 0;
- out_free_buf_zone:
-       kmem_zone_destroy(xfs_buf_zone);
        return -ENOMEM;
@@ -1898,6 +1890,5 @@ xfs_buf_init(void)
-       destroy_workqueue(xfslogd_workqueue);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
index b0447c8..6de1283 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h
@@ -168,6 +168,7 @@ typedef struct xfs_mount {
                                                /* low free space thresholds */
        struct xfs_kobj         m_kobj;
+       struct workqueue_struct *m_iodone_workqueue;
        struct workqueue_struct *m_data_workqueue;
        struct workqueue_struct *m_unwritten_workqueue;
        struct workqueue_struct *m_cil_workqueue;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
index 9f622fe..ef55264 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
@@ -842,10 +842,16 @@ STATIC int
        struct xfs_mount        *mp)
+       mp->m_iodone_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("xfs-iodone/%s",
+                       WQ_MEM_RECLAIM|WQ_HIGHPRI|WQ_FREEZABLE, 1,
+                       mp->m_fsname);
+       if (!mp->m_iodone_workqueue)
+               goto out;
        mp->m_data_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("xfs-data/%s",
                        WQ_MEM_RECLAIM|WQ_FREEZABLE, 0, mp->m_fsname);
        if (!mp->m_data_workqueue)
-               goto out;
+               goto out_destroy_iodone;
        mp->m_unwritten_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("xfs-conv/%s",
                        WQ_MEM_RECLAIM|WQ_FREEZABLE, 0, mp->m_fsname);
@@ -884,6 +890,8 @@ out_destroy_unwritten:
+       destroy_workqueue(mp->m_iodone_workqueue);
        return -ENOMEM;
@@ -898,6 +906,7 @@ xfs_destroy_mount_workqueues(
+       destroy_workqueue(mp->m_iodone_workqueue);

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