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Re: [PATCH] xfs: move global xfslogd workqueue to per-mount

To: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] xfs: move global xfslogd workqueue to per-mount
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 7 Nov 2014 09:05:57 -0500
Cc: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <20141106235948.GH23575@dastard>
References: <1414773271-48598-1-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx> <20141106235948.GH23575@dastard>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)
On Fri, Nov 07, 2014 at 10:59:48AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 31, 2014 at 12:34:31PM -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> > The xfslogd workqueue is a global, single-job workqueue for buffer ioend
> > processing. This means we allow for a single work item at a time for all
> > possible XFS mounts on a system. fsstress testing in loopback XFS over
> > XFS configurations has reproduced xfslogd deadlocks due to the single
> > threaded nature of the queue and dependencies introduced between the
> > separate XFS instances by online discard (-o discard).
> > 
> > Discard over a loopback device converts the discard request to a hole
> > punch (fallocate) on the underlying file. Online discard requests are
> > issued synchronously and from xfslogd context in XFS, hence the xfslogd
> > workqueue is blocked in the upper fs waiting on a hole punch request to
> > be servied in the lower fs. If the lower fs issues I/O that depends on
> > xfslogd to complete, both filesystems end up hung indefinitely. This is
> > reproduced reliabily by generic/013 on XFS->loop->XFS test devices with
> > the '-o discard' mount option.
> > 
> > Further, docker implementations appear to use this kind of configuration
> > for container instance filesystems by default (container fs->dm->
> > loop->base fs) and therefore are subject to this deadlock when running
> > on XFS.
> > 
> > Replace the global xfslogd workqueue with a per-mount variant. This
> > guarantees each mount access to a single worker and prevents deadlocks
> > due to inter-fs dependencies introduced by discard.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > ---
> > 
> > Hi all,
> > 
> > Thoughts? An alternative was to increase max jobs on the existing
> > workqueue, but this seems more in line with how we manage workqueues
> > these days.
> 
> First thing is that it's no longer a "log" workqueue. It's an async
> buffer completion workqueue, so we really should rename it.
> Especially as this change would mean we now have m_log_workqueue
> for the log and m_xfslogd_workqueue for buffer completion...
> 

Ok, sounds good. The name didn't make much sense to me given what it's
doing. ;) I guess it's historical.

> Indeed, is the struct xfs_mount the right place for this? Shouldn't
> it be on the relevant buftarg that the buffer is associated with?
> 

That makes sense from a generic design perspective: an iodone queue per
buffer target. That does introduce a behavior change that we need to
consider the side effects of. This queue currently is one request at a
time and retaining that configuration for per-buftarg queues still
allows for concurrency between log buf iodone processing and metadata
buf iodone processing when the log is a separate device.

It's not clear to me why this is a max_active=1 queue, so for that
reason I'm more hesitant to change behavior beyond what is a clear
separation between mounts. Do we have any serialization/locking hacks
around that depend on this condition? Also I suspect this means we
increase the possibility of things like adding items to the AIL
(xlog_iodone()) and pulling them off (e.g., xfs_iflush_done()) on
separate cpus, which makes me wonder if there are hidden performance
ramifications to such a change.

Maybe none of this matters and the queue config is also a historical
relic..?

Brian

> > Brian
> > 
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c   | 13 ++-----------
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h |  1 +
> >  fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 11 ++++++++++-
> >  3 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > index 24b4ebe..758bc2e 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > @@ -44,8 +44,6 @@
> >  
> >  static kmem_zone_t *xfs_buf_zone;
> >  
> > -static struct workqueue_struct *xfslogd_workqueue;
> > -
> >  #ifdef XFS_BUF_LOCK_TRACKING
> >  # define XB_SET_OWNER(bp)  ((bp)->b_last_holder = current->pid)
> >  # define XB_CLEAR_OWNER(bp)        ((bp)->b_last_holder = -1)
> > @@ -1053,7 +1051,8 @@ xfs_buf_ioend_async(
> >     struct xfs_buf  *bp)
> >  {
> >     INIT_WORK(&bp->b_iodone_work, xfs_buf_ioend_work);
> > -   queue_work(xfslogd_workqueue, &bp->b_iodone_work);
> > +   queue_work(bp->b_target->bt_mount->m_xfslogd_workqueue,
> > +              &bp->b_iodone_work);
> >  }
> 
> ie. queue_work(bp->b_target->bt_iodone_wq, &bp->b_iodone_work);
> 
> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> -- 
> Dave Chinner
> david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

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