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[PATCH 1/2 RESEND] bdi: Fix hung task on sync

To: linux-fsdevel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH 1/2 RESEND] bdi: Fix hung task on sync
From: Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 10 Oct 2014 16:23:06 +0200
Cc: linux-ext4@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx, cluster-devel@xxxxxxxxxx, Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@xxxxxxxxxx>, Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@xxxxxxxx>, Joel Becker <jlbec@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, ocfs2-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx, reiserfs-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@xxxxxxx>, Dave Kleikamp <shaggy@xxxxxxxxxx>, jfs-discussion@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, tytso@xxxxxxx, viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Derek Basehore <dbasehore@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <1412951028-4085-1-git-send-email-jack@xxxxxxx>
References: <1412951028-4085-1-git-send-email-jack@xxxxxxx>
From: Derek Basehore <dbasehore@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed() used the mod_delayed_work() function to
schedule work to writeback dirty inodes. The problem with this is that
it can delay work that is scheduled for immediate execution, such as the
work from sync_inodes_sb().  This can happen since mod_delayed_work()
can now steal work from a work_queue.  This fixes the problem by using
queue_delayed_work() instead. This is a regression caused by
839a8e8660b6 "writeback: replace custom worker pool implementation with
unbound workqueue".

The reason that this causes a problem is that laptop-mode will change
the delay, dirty_writeback_centisecs, to 60000 (10 minutes) by default.
In the case that bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed() races with
sync_inodes_sb(), sync will be stopped for 10 minutes and trigger a hung
task. Even if dirty_writeback_centisecs is not long enough to cause a
hung task, we still don't want to delay sync for that long.

We fix the problem by using queue_delayed_work() when we want to
schedule writeback sometime in future. This function doesn't change the
timer if it is already armed.

For the same reason, we also change bdi_writeback_workfn() to
immediately queue the work again in the case that the work_list is not
empty. The same problem can happen if the sync work is run on the rescue

Fixes: 839a8e8660b6777e7fe4e80af1a048aebe2b5977
CC: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Derek Basehore <dbasehore@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>
 fs/fs-writeback.c | 8 ++++----
 mm/backing-dev.c  | 5 ++++-
 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index e0259a163f98..8277b76be983 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -1047,10 +1047,10 @@ void bdi_writeback_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
-       if (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list) ||
-           (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && dirty_writeback_interval))
-               queue_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork,
-                       msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10));
+       if (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list))
+               mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0);
+       else if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && dirty_writeback_interval)
+               bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(bdi);
        current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPWRITE;
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index ce682f7a4f29..fab8401fc54e 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -288,13 +288,16 @@ int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
  * Note, we wouldn't bother setting up the timer, but this function is on the
  * fast-path (used by '__mark_inode_dirty()'), so we save few context switches
  * by delaying the wake-up.
+ *
+ * We have to be careful not to postpone flush work if it is scheduled for
+ * earlier. Thus we use queue_delayed_work().
 void bdi_wakeup_thread_delayed(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
        unsigned long timeout;
        timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10);
-       mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, timeout);
+       queue_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &bdi->wb.dwork, timeout);

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