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[PATCH] xfs: flush entire last page of old EOF on truncate up

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH] xfs: flush entire last page of old EOF on truncate up
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 17 Sep 2014 08:45:47 +1000
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
From: Dave Chinner <dchinner@xxxxxxxxxx>

On a sub-page sized filesystem, truncating a mapped region down
leaves us in a world of hurt. We truncate the pagecache, zeroing the
newly unused tail, then punch blocks out from under the page. If we
then truncate the file back up immediately, we expose that unmapped
hole to a dirty page mapped into the user application, and that's
where it all goes wrong.

In truncating the page cache, we avoid unmapping the tail page of
the cache because it still contains valid data. The problem is that
it also contains a hole after the truncate, but nobody told the mm
subsystem that. Therefore, if the page is dirty before the truncate,
we'll never get a .page_mkwrite callout after we extend the file and
the application writes data into the hole on the page.  Hence when
we come to writing that region of the page, it has no blocks and no
delayed allocation reservation and hence we toss the data away.

This patch adds code to the truncate up case to solve it, by
ensuring the partial page at the old EOF is always cleaned after we
do any zeroing and move the EOF upwards. We can't actually serialise
the page writeback and truncate against page faults (yes, that
problem AGAIN) so this is really just a best effort and assumes it
is extremely unlikely that someone is concurrently writing to the
page at the EOF while extending the file.

Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@xxxxxxxxxx>
 fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c
index 63aeca8..a726d37 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c
@@ -853,6 +853,36 @@ xfs_setattr_size(
                return error;
        truncate_setsize(inode, newsize);
+       /*
+        * The "we can't serialise against page faults" pain gets worse.
+        *
+        * If the file is mapped then we have to clean the page at the old EOF
+        * when extending the file. Extending the file can expose changes the
+        * underlying page mapping (e.g. from beyond EOF to a hole or
+        * unwritten), and so on the next attempt to write to that page we need
+        * to remap it for write. i.e. we need .page_mkwrite() to be called.
+        * Hence we need to clean the page to clean the pte and so a new write
+        * fault will be triggered appropriately.
+        *
+        * If we do it before we change the inode size, then we can race with a
+        * page fault that maps the page with exactly the same problem. If we do
+        * it after we change the file size, then a new page fault can come in
+        * and allocate space before we've run the rest of the truncate
+        * transaction. That's kinda grotesque, but it's better than have data
+        * over a hole, and so that's the lesser evil that has been chosen here.
+        *
+        * The real solution, however, is to have some mechanism for locking out
+        * page faults while a truncate is in progress.
+        */
+       if (newsize > oldsize && mapping_mapped(VFS_I(ip)->i_mapping)) {
+               error = filemap_write_and_wait_range(
+                               VFS_I(ip)->i_mapping,
+                               round_down(oldsize, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE),
+                               round_up(oldsize, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) - 1);
+               if (error)
+                       return error;
+       }
        tp = xfs_trans_alloc(mp, XFS_TRANS_SETATTR_SIZE);
        error = xfs_trans_reserve(tp, &M_RES(mp)->tr_itruncate, 0, 0);
        if (error)

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