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[PATCH 2/2] xfs: hole the inode lock across a full file collapse

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] xfs: hole the inode lock across a full file collapse
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 8 Aug 2014 14:49:26 -0400
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <1407523766-62233-1-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
References: <1407523766-62233-1-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
A file collapse stress test workload reproduces collapse failures
mid-operation due to changes in the inode fork extent count across
extent shift cycles. xfs_collapse_file_space() currently calls
xfs_bmap_shift_extents() to shift one extent at a time per transaction.
The extent index is used to track the next extent to shift after each

A concurrent fsx and fsstress workload reproduces a scenario where the
extent count changes during this sequence, causing the 'current_ext'
index to become inaccurate and possibly skip shifting an extent. The
likely result of this behavior is the subsequent shift attempt will not
find a hole in the area of the skipped extent and fail, leaving the file
in a partially collapsed state.

This occurs because the ilock is released and acquired across each
transaction and each individual extent shift. Tracepoint output shows
that once the ilock is released after an extent shift, a pending
blocking writeback (e.g., sync) can acquire the lock and proceed before
the next extent is shifted down. If the writeback converts part of a
delayed allocation earlier in the file, for example, it can insert a new
extent into the map. Tracing confirms a call to
xfs_bmap_add_extent_delay_real() in this particular instance.

To prevent this scenario, hold the ilock across the entire extent shift
loop in xfs_collapse_file_space().

Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
 fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c | 5 +++--
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
index 2f1e30d..96eb97b 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
@@ -1474,6 +1474,8 @@ xfs_collapse_file_space(
        if (error)
                return error;
+       xfs_ilock(ip, XFS_ILOCK_EXCL);
        while (!error && !done) {
                tp = xfs_trans_alloc(mp, XFS_TRANS_DIOSTRAT);
@@ -1489,7 +1491,6 @@ xfs_collapse_file_space(
-               xfs_ilock(ip, XFS_ILOCK_EXCL);
                error = xfs_trans_reserve_quota(tp, mp, ip->i_udquot,
                                ip->i_gdquot, ip->i_pdquot,
                                XFS_DIOSTRAT_SPACE_RES(mp, 0), 0,
@@ -1517,9 +1518,9 @@ xfs_collapse_file_space(
                        goto out;
                error = xfs_trans_commit(tp, XFS_TRANS_RELEASE_LOG_RES);
-               xfs_iunlock(ip, XFS_ILOCK_EXCL);
+       xfs_iunlock(ip, XFS_ILOCK_EXCL);
        return error;

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