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Re: Got "Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO". Filesystem needs refor

To: "Carlos E. R." <carlos.e.r@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: Got "Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO". Filesystem needs reformatting to correct issue.
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sat, 12 Jul 2014 10:19:25 -0400
Cc: XFS mailing list <xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407120150220.15907@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
References: <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407021104480.9881@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <20140702120441.GA51757@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407030057310.9881@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <20140703173916.GB3452@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407040135140.9881@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <20140705122833.GA3573@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407120150220.15907@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)
On Sat, Jul 12, 2014 at 02:30:45AM +0200, Carlos E. R. wrote:
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> 
> 
> On Saturday, 2014-07-05 at 08:28 -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> >On Fri, Jul 04, 2014 at 11:32:26PM +0200, Carlos E. R. wrote:
> 
> 
> >>If I don't do that backup-format-restore, I get issues soon, and it crashes
> >>within a day - I got after booting (the first event):
> >>
> >
> >I echo Dave's previous question... within a day of doing what? Just
> >using the system or doing more hibernation cycles?
> 
> It is in the long post with the logs I posted.
> 
> The first time it crashed, I rebooted, got some errors I probably did not
> see, managed to mount the device, and I used the machine normally, doing
> several hibernation cycles. On one of these, it crashed, within the day.
> 

That still suggests something could be going on at runtime during the
hibernation or wakeup cycle. Identifying some kind of runtime error or
metadata inconsistency without involving hibernation would be a smoking
gun for a general corruption. So far we have no evidence of reproduction
without hibernation and no evidence of a persistent corruption. That
doesn't rule out something going on on-disk, but it certainly suggests a
runtime corruption during hibernation/wake is more likely.

> 
> As explained in this part of the previous post:
> 
> >>0.1> 2014-03-15 03:53:47 Telcontar kernel - - - [  301.857523] XFS: 
> >>Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_RETURN at line 350 of file 
> >>/home/abuild/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-desktop-3.11.10/linux-3.11/fs/xfs/xfs_all
> >>
> >>And some hours later:
> >>
> >><0.1> 2014-03-15 22:20:34 Telcontar kernel - - - [20151.298345] XFS: 
> >>Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO at line 1602 of file 
> >>/home/abuild/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-desktop-3.11.10/linux-3.11/fs/xfs/xfs_allo
> >>
> >>
> >>It was here that I decided to backup-format-restore instead.
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> >>>That also means it's probably not be necessary to do a full backup,
> >>>reformat and restore sequence as part of your routine here. xfs_repair
> >>>should scour through all of the allocation metadata and yell if it finds
> >>>something like free blocks allocated to a file.
> >>
> >>No, if I don't backup-format-restore it happens again within a day. There is
> >>something lingering. Unless that was just chance... :-?
> >>
> >>It is true that during that day I hibernated several times more than needed
> >>to see if it happened again - and it did.
> >>
> >
> >This depends on what causes this to happen, not how frequent it happens.
> >Does it continue to happen along with hibernation, or do you start
> >seeing these kind of errors during normal use?
> 
> 
> Except the first time that this happened, the sequence is this:
> 
> I use the machine for weeks, without event, booting once, then hibernating
> at least once per day. I finally reboot when I have to apply some system
> update, or something special.
> 
> Till one day, this "thing" happens. It happens inmediately after coming out
> from hibernation, and puts the affected partition, always /home, in read
> only mode. When it happens, I reboot, repair partition manually if needed,
> then I back up the files, format it, and replace all the files from the
> backup just made, with xfsdump. Well, this last time, I used rsync instead.
> 
> 
> It has happened "only" four times:
> 
> 2014-03-15 03:35:17
> 2014-03-15 22:20:34
> 2014-04-17 22:47:08
> 2014-06-29 12:32:18
> 
> 
> >If the latter, that could suggest something broken on disk.
> 
> That was my first thought, because it started hapening after replacing the
> hard disk, but also after a kernel update. But I have tested that disk
> several times, with smartctl and with the manufacturer test tool, and
> nothing came out.
> 

I was referring to a potential on-disk corruption, but that's good to
know as well.

> 
> >If the
> >former, that could simply suggest the fs (perhaps on-disk) has made it
> >into some kind of state that makes this easier to reproduce, for
> >whatever reason. It could be timing, location of metadata,
> >fragmentation, or anything really for that matter, but it doesn't
> >necessarily mean corruption (even though it doesn't rule it out).
> >Perhaps the clean regeneration of everything by a from-scratch recovery
> >simply makes this more difficult to reproduce until the fs naturally
> >becomes more aged/fragmented, for example.
> >
> >This probably makes a pristine, pre-repair metadump of the reproducing
> >fs more interesting. I could try some of my previous tests against a
> >restore of that metadump.
> 
> 
> Well, I suggest that, unless you can find something on the metadata (I just
> sent you the link via email from google), we wait till the next event. I
> will at that time take an intact metadata photo. But this can take a month
> or two to happen again, if the pattern keeps.
> 

That would be a good idea. I'll take a look at the metadump when I have
a chance. If there is nothing out of the ordinary, the next best option
is to metadump the fs that reproduces the behavior. I could retry some
of my previous vm hibernation tests against that. As mentioned
previously, once you have a more reliably reproducing state, that's also
a good opportunity to see if you can narrow down which of the things you
have running against the fs appear to trigger this.

> 
> 
> 
> >I was somewhat thinking out loud originally discussing this topic. I was
> >suggesting to run this against a restored metadump, not the primary
> >dataset or a backup.
> >
> >The metadump creates an image of the metadata of the source fs in a file
> >(no data is copied). This metadump image can be restored at will via
> >'xfs_mdrestore.' This allows restoring to a file, mounting the file
> >loopback, and performing experiments or investigation on the fs
> >generally as it existed when the shutdown was reproducible.
> 
> Ah... I see.
> 
> 
> >So basically:
> >
> >- xfs_mdrestore <mdimgfile> <tmpfileimg>
> >- mount <tmpfileimg> /mnt
> >- rm -rf /mnt/*
> >
> >... was what I was suggesting. <tmpfileimg> can be recreated from the
> >metadump image afterwards to get back to square one.
> 
> I see.
> 
> Well, I tried this on a copy of the 'dd' image days ago, and nothing
> hapened. I guess the procedure above would be the same.
> 

A dd of the raw block device will preserve the metadata, so yeah that's
effectively the same test. If there were an obvious free space
corruption, the fs probably would have shutdown. I can retry the same
test via the metadump on a debug kernel as well.

Brian

> 
> 
> 
> 
> >>I have an active bugzilla account at <http://oss.sgi.com/bugzilla/>, I'm
> >>logged in there now. I haven't checked if I can create a bug, not been sure
> >>what parameters to use (product, component, whom to assign to). I think that
> >>would be the most appropriate place.
> >>
> >>Meanwhile, I have uploaded the file to my google drive account, so I can
> >>share it with anybody on request - ie, it is not public, I need to add a
> >>gmail address to the list of people that can read the file.
> >>
> >>Alternatively, I could just email the file to people asking for it, offlist,
> >>but not in a single email, in chunks limited to 1.5 MB per email.
> >>
> >
> >Either of the bugzilla or google drive options works Ok for me.
> 
> It's here:
> 
> <https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bx2OgfTa-XC9UDBnQzZIMTVyN0k/edit?usp=sharing>
> 
> Whoever wants to read it, has to tell me the address to add to it, access is
> not public.
> 
> 
> - -- Cheers,
>        Carlos E. R.
>        (from 13.1 x86_64 "Bottle" at Telcontar)
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