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Re: Got "Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO". Filesystem needs refor

To: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: Got "Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO". Filesystem needs reformatting to correct issue.
From: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 3 Jul 2014 13:40:08 -0400
Cc: "Carlos E. R." <carlos.e.r@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, XFS mailing list <xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <20140703094347.GU4453@dastard>
References: <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407021104480.9881@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <20140702120441.GA51757@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <alpine.LSU.2.11.1407030057310.9881@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <20140703094347.GU4453@dastard>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)
On Thu, Jul 03, 2014 at 07:43:47PM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 03, 2014 at 05:00:47AM +0200, Carlos E. R. wrote:
> > On Wednesday, 2014-07-02 at 08:04 -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> > >On Wed, Jul 02, 2014 at 11:57:25AM +0200, Carlos E. R. wrote:
> > 
> > ...
> > 
> > >This is the background eofblocks scanner attempting to free preallocated
> > >space on a file. The scanner looks for files that have been recently
> > >grown and since been flushed to disk (i.e., no longer concurrently being
> > >written to) and trims the post-eof preallocation that comes along with
> > >growing files.
> > >
> > >The corruption errors at xfs_alloc.c:1602,1629 on v3.11 fire if the
> > >extent we are attempting to free is already accounted for in the
> > >by-block allocation btree. IOW, this is attempting to free an extent
> > >that the allocation metadata thinks is already free.
> > >
> > >>
> > >>Brief description:
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> * It happens only on restore from hibernation.
> > >
> > >Interesting, could you elaborate a bit more on the behavior this system
> > >is typically subjected to? i.e., is this a server that sees a constant
> > >workload that is also frequently hibernated/awakened?
> 
> ....
> 
> > The machine may be used anywhere from 4 to 16 hours a day, and
> > hibernated at least once a day, perhaps three times if I have to go
> > out several times. It makes no sense to me to leave the machine
> > powered doing nothing, if hibernating is so easy and reliable - till
> > now. If I have to leave for more than a week, I tend to do a full
> > "halt".
> 
> Hibernation has always been suspect w.r.t. flushing filesystem
> metadata. It does not guarantee that the filesystem is quiesced
> and idle, it just does a sync() and hopes that is sufficient to get
> the filesystem into a consistent state. The mess that this leaves is
> then left to filesystem developers to play whack-a-mole with when
> users have problems.
> 
> > But soon after, it oopses:
> 
> Point of note: there is no oops or crash occurring. XFS dumps the
> stack when a corruption occurs to tell use where it was detected
> and then shuts down the filesystem. Your system is still just fine
> apart from not being able to access that filesystem until you
> unmount it, rpeair it and mount it again.
> 
> > 3 PID: 57 Comm: kworker/3:1 Tainted: P           O 3.11.10-7-desktop
> 
> What's tainting your kernel? If you remove that taint, does the
> problem still occur?
> 
> ....
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.819191] Enabling 
> > non-boot CPUs ...
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.819191] smpboot: 
> > Booting Node 0 Processor 1 APIC 0x1
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.832336] CPU1 is up
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.832467] smpboot: 
> > Booting Node 0 Processor 2 APIC 0x2
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.845865] CPU2 is up
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.846034] smpboot: 
> > Booting Node 0 Processor 3 APIC 0x3
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280266.859609] CPU3 is up
> ....
> > <0.6> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280269.796130] PM: 
> > restore of devices complete after 2736.343 msecs
> > <0.4> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280270.081655] Restarting 
> > kernel threads ... done.
> > <0.4> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280270.086714] Restarting 
> > tasks ... done.
> .....
> > <0.1> 2014-04-17 22:47:08 Telcontar kernel - - - [280271.851374] XFS: 
> > Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO at line 1602 of file 
> > /home/abuild/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-desktop-3.11.10/linux-3.11/fs/xfs/xfs_alloc.c.
> >   Caller 0xffffffffa0c54fe9
> 
> So the corruption occurred within 2s of the kernel restarting tasks
> after a hibernation. It's really looking like a hibernation issue.
> 
> > <3.4> 2014-06-29 04:51:50 Telcontar pm-utils - - -  Hibernating (95)...
> .....
> > <0.6> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212887.640186] Enabling 
> > non-boot CPUs ...
> .....
> > <0.6> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212890.615073] PM: 
> > restore of devices complete after 2735.034 msecs
> > <0.1> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212890.626346] XFS: 
> > Internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO at line 1602 of file 
> > /home/abuild/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-desktop-3.11.10/linux-3.11/fs/xfs/xfs_alloc.c.
> >   Caller 0xffffffffa0c39fe9
> .....
> > <0.1> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212890.706440] XFS 
> > (sde5): Corruption of in-memory data detected.  Shutting down filesystem
> > <0.1> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212890.706440] XFS 
> > (sde5): Please umount the filesystem and rectify the problem(s)
> > <0.6> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212891.026207] usb 1-6: 
> > USB disconnect, device number 4
> > <0.4> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212891.025944] Restarting 
> > kernel threads ... done.
> > <0.4> 2014-06-29 12:32:18 Telcontar kernel - - - [212891.026371] Restarting 
> > tasks ... done.
> 
> Well, there's the smoking gun. The XFS kworker is running and
> reporting errors before the thawing process has restarted
> the frozen workqueues:
> 
> void thaw_kernel_threads(void)
> {
>         struct task_struct *g, *p;
> 
>         pm_nosig_freezing = false;
>         printk("Restarting kernel threads ... ");
> 
>         thaw_workqueues();
> ....
> 
> Which points to the fact that we probably need WQ_FREEZABLE on some
> of our workqueues. Brian, do you want to have a look at this?
> 

Yeah, I'll look into it. I might see if I can try to reproduce this by
suspending a vm. It sounds like a preallocating workload and a reduced
eofblocks scan timer test might be worth a shot. Thanks Dave.

Brian

> > Question.
> > 
> > As this always happens on recovery from hibernation, and seeing the message
> > "Corruption of in-memory data detected", could it be that thawing does a bad
> > memory recovery from the swap?  I thought that the procedure includes some
> > checksum, but I don't know for sure.
> 
> It's the fact that the filesystem si still running and modifying
> state when the snapshot is being taken that results in the snapshot
> image containing an inconsistent snapshot. That then gets loaded
> on thaw and it goes boom.
> 
> > To me, there are two problems:
> > 
> >  1) The corruption itself.
> >  2) That xfs_repair fails to repair the filesystem. In fact, I believe
> >     it does not detect it!
> 
> That's because the filesystem is likely to be consistent on disk.
> The issue is in-memory corruption, not on-disk corruption, like
> the messages are telling us:
> 
> XFS (sde5): Corruption of in-memory data detected.
> 
> Basically, XFS is catching a bad state in memory and preventing it
> from being propagated to disk. if it gets to disk, then you are
> likely to lose data. IOWs, XFS is behaving as designed and is
> actually preventing data loss in this situation.
> 
> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> -- 
> Dave Chinner
> david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
> 
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