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[PATCH 1/2] xfs: block allocation work needs to be kswapd aware

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] xfs: block allocation work needs to be kswapd aware
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 27 May 2014 08:26:53 +1000
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <1401143214-9181-1-git-send-email-david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
References: <1401143214-9181-1-git-send-email-david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: Dave Chinner <dchinner@xxxxxxxxxx>

Upon memory pressure, kswapd calls xfs_vm_writepage() from
shrink_page_list(). This can result in delayed allocation occurring
and that gets deferred to the the allocation workqueue.

The allocation then runs outside kswapd context, which means if it
needs memory (and it does to demand page metadata from disk) it can
block in shrink_inactive_list() waiting for IO congestion. These
blocking waits are normally avoiding in kswapd context, so under
memory pressure writeback from kswapd can be arbitrarily delayed by
memory reclaim.

To avoid this, pass the kswapd context to the allocation being done
by the workqueue, so that memory reclaim understands correctly that
the work is being done for kswapd and therefore it is not blocked
and does not delay memory reclaim.

To avoid issues with int->char conversion of flag fields (as noticed
in v1 of this patch) convert the flag fields in the struct
xfs_bmalloca to bool types. pahole indicates these variables are
still single byte variables, so no extra space is consumed by this

cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@xxxxxxxxxx>
 fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
 fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.h | 13 +++++++------
 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
index 057f671..703b3ec 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
@@ -258,14 +258,23 @@ xfs_bmapi_allocate_worker(
        struct xfs_bmalloca     *args = container_of(work,
                                                struct xfs_bmalloca, work);
        unsigned long           pflags;
+       unsigned long           new_pflags = PF_FSTRANS;
-       /* we are in a transaction context here */
-       current_set_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_FSTRANS);
+       /*
+        * we are in a transaction context here, but may also be doing work
+        * in kswapd context, and hence we may need to inherit that state
+        * temporarily to ensure that we don't block waiting for memory reclaim
+        * in any way.
+        */
+       if (args->kswapd)
+               new_pflags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE | PF_KSWAPD;
+       current_set_flags_nested(&pflags, new_pflags);
        args->result = __xfs_bmapi_allocate(args);
-       current_restore_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_FSTRANS);
+       current_restore_flags_nested(&pflags, new_pflags);
@@ -284,6 +293,7 @@ xfs_bmapi_allocate(
        args->done = &done;
+       args->kswapd = current_is_kswapd();
        INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&args->work, xfs_bmapi_allocate_worker);
        queue_work(xfs_alloc_wq, &args->work);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.h
index 935ed2b..075f722 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.h
@@ -50,12 +50,13 @@ struct xfs_bmalloca {
        xfs_extlen_t            total;  /* total blocks needed for xaction */
        xfs_extlen_t            minlen; /* minimum allocation size (blocks) */
        xfs_extlen_t            minleft; /* amount must be left after alloc */
-       char                    eof;    /* set if allocating past last extent */
-       char                    wasdel; /* replacing a delayed allocation */
-       char                    userdata;/* set if is user data */
-       char                    aeof;   /* allocated space at eof */
-       char                    conv;   /* overwriting unwritten extents */
-       char                    stack_switch;
+       bool                    eof;    /* set if allocating past last extent */
+       bool                    wasdel; /* replacing a delayed allocation */
+       bool                    userdata;/* set if is user data */
+       bool                    aeof;   /* allocated space at eof */
+       bool                    conv;   /* overwriting unwritten extents */
+       bool                    stack_switch;
+       bool                    kswapd; /* allocation in kswapd context */
        int                     flags;
        struct completion       *done;
        struct work_struct      work;

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