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Re: fs/attr.c:notify_change locking warning.

To: Dave Jones <davej@xxxxxxxxxx>, Linux Kernel <linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: Re: fs/attr.c:notify_change locking warning.
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sat, 5 Oct 2013 13:19:18 +1000
Delivered-to: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <20131005005210.GA25773@xxxxxxxxxx>
References: <20131005005210.GA25773@xxxxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)
On Fri, Oct 04, 2013 at 08:52:10PM -0400, Dave Jones wrote:
> WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 26128 at fs/attr.c:178 notify_change+0x34d/0x360()
> Modules linked in: dlci 8021q garp sctp snd_seq_dummy bridge stp tun fuse 
> rfcomm hidp ipt_ULOG nfc caif_socket caif af_802154 phonet af_rxrpc bnep 
> bluetooth rfkill can_bcm can_raw can llc2 pppoe pppox ppp_generic slhc irda 
> crc_ccitt rds scsi_transport_iscsi nfnetlink af_key rose x25 atm netrom 
> appletalk ipx p8023 psnap p8022 llc ax25 coretemp hwmon x86_pkg_temp_thermal 
> kvm_intel kvm snd_hda_codec_hdmi xfs snd_hda_codec_realtek snd_hda_intel 
> snd_hda_codec snd_hwdep snd_seq snd_seq_device snd_pcm snd_page_alloc 
> libcrc32c snd_timer crct10dif_pclmul crc32c_intel snd ghash_clmulni_intel 
> e1000e microcode usb_debug serio_raw pcspkr ptp soundcore pps_core shpchp
> CPU: 3 PID: 26128 Comm: trinity-child57 Not tainted 3.12.0-rc3+ #93 
>  ffffffff81a3e2ec ffff880071d71bb8 ffffffff8172a763 0000000000000000
>  ffff880071d71bf0 ffffffff810552cd 0000000000000a00 ffff88023d6e8b90
>  0000000000008ad0 ffff880071d71c50 ffff8802392882c8 ffff880071d71c00
> Call Trace:
>  [<ffffffff8172a763>] dump_stack+0x4e/0x82
>  [<ffffffff810552cd>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7d/0xa0
>  [<ffffffff810553aa>] warn_slowpath_null+0x1a/0x20
>  [<ffffffff811e388d>] notify_change+0x34d/0x360
>  [<ffffffff811e18e7>] file_remove_suid+0x87/0xa0
>  [<ffffffff811e9019>] ? __mnt_drop_write+0x29/0x50
>  [<ffffffff811e90a2>] ? __mnt_drop_write_file+0x12/0x20
>  [<ffffffff811e1e6a>] ? file_update_time+0x8a/0xd0
>  [<ffffffffa01a4e7a>] xfs_file_aio_write_checks+0xea/0xf0 [xfs]
>  [<ffffffffa01a4f50>] xfs_file_dio_aio_write+0xd0/0x3e0 [xfs]
>  [<ffffffffa01a5629>] xfs_file_aio_write+0x129/0x130 [xfs]
>  [<ffffffff811c45dc>] do_sync_readv_writev+0x4c/0x80
>  [<ffffffff811c5aab>] do_readv_writev+0xbb/0x240
>  [<ffffffffa01a5500>] ? xfs_file_buffered_aio_write+0x2a0/0x2a0 [xfs]
>  [<ffffffff811c4500>] ? do_sync_read+0x90/0x90
>  [<ffffffff81734721>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x31/0x60
>  [<ffffffff810c9a86>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x16/0x1e0
>  [<ffffffff811c5cc8>] vfs_writev+0x38/0x60
>  [<ffffffff811c5e10>] SyS_writev+0x50/0xd0
>  [<ffffffff8173d8e4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2
> ---[ end trace 201843ae71ab5a7c ]---
> 177 
> 178         WARN_ON_ONCE(!mutex_is_locked(&inode->i_mutex));

Yup, we don't hold the i_mutex *at all* through the fast path for
direct IO writes. Having to grab the i_mutex on every IO just for
the extremely unlikely case we need to remove a suid bit on the file
would add a significant serialisation point into the direct Io model
that XFS uses, and is the difference between 50,000 and 2+ million
direct IO IOPS to a single file.

I'm unwilling to sacrifice the concurrency of direct IO writes just
to shut up ths warning, especially as the actual modifications that
are made to remove SUID bits are correctly serialised within XFS
once notify_change() calls ->setattr(). If it really matters, I'll
just open code file_remove_suid() into XFS like ocfs2 does just so
we don't get that warning being emitted by trinity.

FWIW, buffered IO on XFS - the normal case for most operations -
holds the i_mutex over the call to file_remove_suid(), and that's
why this warning is pretty much never seen - direct IO writes to
suid files is very unusual....


Dave Chinner

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