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Re: [RFC PATCH v3 2/2] xfs: fix xfsaild hang due to lost wake ups

To: Brian Foster <bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v3 2/2] xfs: fix xfsaild hang due to lost wake ups
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 23 May 2012 10:58:30 +1000
Cc: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <1337704714-50235-3-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
References: <1337704714-50235-1-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx> <1337704714-50235-3-git-send-email-bfoster@xxxxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)
On Tue, May 22, 2012 at 12:38:34PM -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> Running xfstests 273 in a loop reproduces an XFS lockup due to
> xfsaild entering idle mode indefinitely. The following
> high-level sequence of events leads to the hang:
> - xfsaild is running with a cached target lsn
> - xfs_ail_push() is invoked, updates ailp->xa_target_lsn and
>   invokes wake_up_process(). wake_up_process() returns 0
>   because xfsaild is already running.
> - xfsaild enters idle mode having met its current target.
> Once in the described state, xfs_ail_push() is invoked many
> more times with the already set threshold_lsn, but these calls
> do not lead to wake_up_process() calls because no further
> invocations result in moving the threshold_lsn forward. Add a
> flag to xfs_ail to capture whether an issued wake actually
> succeeds. If not, continue issuing wakes until we know one has
> been successful for the current target.

Hi Brian - here's kind of what I was thinking when we were talking
on IRC. basically we move all the idling logic into xfsaild() to
keep it out of xfsaild_push(), and make sure we only idle on an
empty AIL when we haven't raced with a target update.

So, I was thinking that we add a previous target variable to the
xfs_ail structure. Then xfsaild would become something like:

        while (!kthread_should_stop()) {


                /* barrier matches the xa_target update in xfs_ail_push() */
                if (!xfs_ail_min(ailp) && ailp->xa_target == 
ailp->xa_prev_target) {
                        /* empty ail, not change to push target - idle */
                        tout = 0;

                if (tout) {
                        /* more work to do soon */


                tout = xfsaild_push(ailp);

And in xfsaild_push(), move where we sample the push target to before the cursor
setup, and keep a snapshot of it:

        /* barrier matches the xa_target update in xfs_ail_push() */
        target = ailp->xa_target;
        ailp->xa_prev_target = target;

This means we do not idle if a new push target was set while we were pushing,
even if we emptied the AIL (call it paranoia!).

We can avoid the returning of a zero timeout from xfsaild_push, too,
because the idling is not based on the state that we return from the
push. Hence we always will return a 10, 20 or 50ms timeout and we
can avoid complicating xfsaild_push logic with idling logic. i.e.
the logic that is there right now should not need modification...

Finally, rather than calling wake_up_process() in the
xfs_ail_push*() functions, call wake_up(&ailp->xa_idle); There can
only be one thread sleeping on that (the xfsaild) so there is no
need to use the wake_up_all() variant...

FWIW, you might be able to do this without the idle wait queue and
just use wake_up_process() - 


Dave Chinner

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