Hi Dave, hi list,
first thanks for the very detailed reply. Please find below my comments
On 02/14/2012 01:09 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 13, 2012 at 05:57:58PM +0100, Richard Ems wrote:
>> I am running openSUSE 12.1, kernel 3.1.9-1.4-default. The 20 TB XFS
>> partition is 100% full
> Running filesystems to 100% full is always a bad idea - it causes
> significant increases in fragementation of both data and metadata
> compared to a filesystem that doesn't get past ~90% full.
Yes, true, I know. But I have no other free space for this backups. I am
waiting for a new already ordered system and will have 4 times this
space. So later I will open a new thread asking if my thoughts for
creating this new 80 TB XFS partition are right.
>> I am asking because I am seeing very long times while removing big
>> directory trees. I thought on kernels above 3.0 removing dirs and files
>> had improved a lot, but I don't see that improvement.
> You won't if the directory traversal is seek bound and that is the
> limiting factor for performance.
*Seek bound*? *When* is the directory traversal *seek bound*?
>> This is a backup system running dirvish, so most files in the dirs I am
>> removing are hard links. Almost all of the files do have ACLs set.
> The unlink will have an extra IO to read per inode - the out-of-line
> attribute block, so you've just added 11 million IOs to the 800,000
> the traversal already takes to the unlink overhead. So it's going to
> take roughly ten hours because the unlink is gong to be read IO seek
It took 110 minutes and not 10 hours. All files and dirs there had ACLs set.
> Christophs suggestions to use larger inodes to keep the attribute
> data inline is a very good one - whenever you have a workload that
> is attribute heavy you should use larger inodes to try to keep the
> attributes in-line if possible. The down side is that increasing the
> inode size increases the amount of IO required to read/write inodes,
> though this typically isn't a huge penalty compared to the penalty
> of out-of-line attributes.
I will use larger inodes always from now on, since we largely use ACLs
on our XFS partitions.
> Also, for large directories like this (millions of entries) you
> should also consider using a larger directory block size (mkfs -n
> size=xxxx option) as that can be scaled independently to the
> filesystem block size. This will significantly decrease the amount
> of IO and fragmentation large directories cause. Peak modification
> performance of small directories will be reduced because larger
> block size directories consume more CPU to process, but for large
> directories performance will be significantly better as they will
> spend much less time waiting for IO.
This was not ONE directory with that many files, but a directory
containing 834591 subdirectories (deeply nested, not all in the same
dir!) and 10539154 files.
Richard Ems mail: Richard.Ems@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cape Horn Engineering S.L.
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