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Re: PM / hibernate xfs lock up / xfs_reclaim_inodes_ag

To: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@xxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: PM / hibernate xfs lock up / xfs_reclaim_inodes_ag
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 27 Jul 2011 10:45:43 +1000
Cc: Christoph <cr2005@xxxxxxxxx>, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx, Linux PM mailing list <linux-pm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Pavel Machek <pavel@xxxxxx>
In-reply-to: <201107262228.12099.rjw@xxxxxxx>
References: <4E1C70AD.1010101@xxxxxxxxx> <20110713000332.GM23038@dastard> <201107262228.12099.rjw@xxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)
On Tue, Jul 26, 2011 at 10:28:11PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Wednesday, July 13, 2011, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 12, 2011 at 06:05:01PM +0200, Christoph wrote:
.....
> > > SysRq : Show Blocked State
> > > 
> > > pm-hibernate    D 0000000000000000     0  3638   3637 0x00000000
> > >  ffff8800017bf918 0000000000000082 ffff8800017be010 ffff880000000000
> > >  ffff8800017be010 ffff88000b8a6170 0000000000013900 ffff8800017bffd8
> > >  ffff8800017bffd8 0000000000013900 ffffffff8148b020 ffff88000b8a6170
> > > Call Trace:
> > >  [<ffffffff81344ce2>] schedule_timeout+0x22/0xbb
> > >  [<ffffffff81344b64>] wait_for_common+0xcb/0x148
> > >  [<ffffffff810408ea>] ? try_to_wake_up+0x18c/0x18c
> > >  [<ffffffff81345527>] ? down_write+0x2d/0x31
> > >  [<ffffffff81344c7b>] wait_for_completion+0x18/0x1a
> > >  [<ffffffffa02374da>] xfs_reclaim_inode+0x74/0x258 [xfs]
> > >  [<ffffffffa0237853>] xfs_reclaim_inodes_ag+0x195/0x264 [xfs]
> > >  [<ffffffffa0237974>] xfs_reclaim_inode_shrink+0x52/0x90 [xfs]
> > >  [<ffffffff810c4e21>] shrink_slab+0xdb/0x151
> > >  [<ffffffff810c625a>] do_try_to_free_pages+0x204/0x39a
> > >  [<ffffffff8134ce4e>] ? apic_timer_interrupt+0xe/0x20
> > >  [<ffffffff810c647f>] shrink_all_memory+0x8f/0xa8
> > >  [<ffffffff810cc41a>] ? next_online_pgdat+0x20/0x41
> > >  [<ffffffff8107937d>] hibernate_preallocate_memory+0x1c4/0x30f
> > >  [<ffffffff811a8fa2>] ? kobject_put+0x47/0x4b
> > >  [<ffffffff81077eb2>] hibernation_snapshot+0x45/0x281
> > >  [<ffffffff810781bf>] hibernate+0xd1/0x1b8
> > >  [<ffffffff81076c58>] state_store+0x57/0xce
> > >  [<ffffffff811a8d0b>] kobj_attr_store+0x17/0x19
> > >  [<ffffffff81152bda>] sysfs_write_file+0xfc/0x138
> > >  [<ffffffff810fca74>] vfs_write+0xa9/0x105
> > >  [<ffffffff810fcb89>] sys_write+0x45/0x6c
> > >  [<ffffffff8134c492>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > 
> > It's waiting for IO completion, and holding an AG scan lock.
> > 
> > And IO completion requires a workqueue to run. Just FYI, this
> > process of inode reclaim can dirty the filesystem, long after
> > hibernate have assumed that it is clean due to the sys_sync() call
> > you do after freezing the processes. I pointed out this flaw in
> > using sync to write dirty data prior to hibernate a couple of years
> > ago.
> 
> However, attempts to remove the sys_sync() from the hibernate code
> were objected to by some developers, since they believe it will increase
> the probability of data loss in case of a failing hibernation in general. 

I'm not suggesting it gets removed, I'm suggesting it gets replaced
because it doesn't give the guarantees that you want or need.

> > Anyway, it's a good thing that XFS doesn't use freezable work
> > queues, otherwise it would hang on every hibernate. Perhaps I should
> > do that to force hibernate to do things properly in filesystems
> > land.
> 
> Well, I'd say it's a very well known fact that filesystems are not
> handled in any special way during hibernation, which is not a good
> thing.  Nevertheless, I've never seen anyone from the filesystems land
> pay any kind of attention to this issue.

I beg to differ. We went through this exact clas of bugs with swsusp
back in 2006:

https://lkml.org/lkml/2006/11/12/144

And this patch:

https://lkml.org/lkml/2006/11/1/155

([PATCH -mm] swsusp: Freeze filesystems during suspend)

"This is needed by swsusp, because some filesystems (eg. XFS) use
work queues and worker_threads run with PF_NOFREEZE set, so they can
cause some writes to be performed after the suspend image has been
created which may corrupt the filesystem.  The additional benefit of
it is that if the resume fails, the filesystems will be in a
consistent state and there won't be any journal replays needed."

--

And the patch essentially does:

-                       sys_sync();
+                       freeze_filesystems();


But, Pavel didn't like freezing filesystems to quiesce them
correctly, so the sys_sync() and all it's problems have remained
until this day, where we still have users tripping over the same
"filesystem not idle" problems.

[....]

> > IOWs, what hibernate does is:
> > 
> >     freeze_processes()
> >     sys_sync()
> >     allocate a large amount of memory
> > 
> > Freezing the processes causes parts of filesystems to be put in the
> > fridge, which means there is no guarantee that sys_sync() actually
> > does what it is supposed to. As it is, sys_sync() really only
> > guarantees file data is clean in memory - metadata does not need to
> > be clean as long s it has been journalled and the journal is safe on
> > disk.
> >
> > Further, allocating memory can cause memory reclaim to enter the
> > filesystem and try to free memory held by the filesystem. In XFS (at
> > least) this can cause the filesystem to issue tranactions and
> > metadata IO to clean the dirty metadata to enable it to be
> > reclaimed. So hibernate is effectively guaranteed to dirty the
> > filesystem after it has frozen all the worker threads the filesystem
> > might rely on.
> > 
> > Also, by this point kswapd has already been frozen, so hibernate is
> > relying totally on direct memory reclaim to free up the memory it
> > requires. I'm not sure that's a good idea.
> > 
> > IOWs, hibernate is still broken by design - and broken in exactly
> > the way that was pointed out a couple of years ago by myself and
> > others in the filesystem world: sys_sync() does not quiesce or
> > guarantee a clean filesystem in memory after it completes.
> > 
> > There is a solution to this, and it already exists - it's called
> > freezing the filesystem. Effectively hibernate needs to allocate
> > memory before it freezes kernel/filesystem worker threads:
> > 
> >     freeze_userspace_processes()
> > 
> >     // just to clean the page cache quickly
> >     sys_sync()
> > 
> >     // optionally to free page/inode/dentry caches:
> >             iterate_supers(drop_pagecache_sb, NULL);
> >             drop_slab()
> > 
> >     allocate a large amount of memory
> > 
> >     // Now quiesce the filesystems and clean remaining metadata
> >     iterate_supers(freeze_super, NULL);
> > 
> >     freeze_remaining_processes()
> > 
> > This guarantees that filesystems are still working when memory
> > reclaim comes along to free memory for the hibernate image, and that
> > once it is allocated that filesystems will not be changed until
> > thawed on the hibernate wakeup.
> > 
> > So, like I said a couple of years ago: fix hibernate to quiesce
> > filesystems properly, and the hibernate will be much more reliable
> > and robust and less likely to break randomly in the future.
> 
> Why don't you simply submit a patch to do that?

a) I don't know how to test suspend/hibernate
b) I don't have any hardware I can test it on.
c) I don't scale to solving every problem Linux has
d) you guys need to decide how you're going to fix this because the
problem has already been solved once before and it didn't get merged
because nobody in the swsusp/hibernate world could agree on anything
at the time.

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

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