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[PATCH v4] Add test 249: Check filesystem FITRIM implementation

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH v4] Add test 249: Check filesystem FITRIM implementation
From: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 9 Feb 2011 17:36:17 +0100
Cc: esandeen@xxxxxxxxxx, lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx, hch@xxxxxxxxxxxxx, aelder@xxxxxxx
FITRIM ioctl  is used on a mounted filesystem to discard (or "trim")
blocks which are not in use by the filesystem.  This is useful for
solid-state drives (SSDs) and thinly-provi-sioned storage. This test
helps to verify filesystem FITRIM implementation to assure that it
does not corrupts data.

This test creates checksums of all files in xfstests directory and
run several processes which clear its working directory on SCRATCH_MNT,
then copy everything from xfstests into its working directory, create
list of files in working directory and its checksums and compare it with the
original list of checksums. Every process works in the loop so it repeat
remove->copy->check, while fstrim tool is running simultaneously.

Fstrim is just a helper tool which uses FITRIM ioctl to actually do the
filesystem discard.

I found this very useful because when the FITRIM is really buggy (thus
data-destroying) the 249 test will notice, because checksums will most
likely change.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 249          |  174 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 249.out      |    3 +
 group        |    3 +-
 src/Makefile |    2 +-
 src/fstrim.c |  257 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 437 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 249
 create mode 100644 249.out
 create mode 100644 src/fstrim.c

diff --git a/249 b/249
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..83d3890
--- /dev/null
+++ b/249
@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# FS QA Test No. 249
+#
+# This test was created in order to verify filesystem FITRIM implementation.
+# By many concurrent copy and remove operations and checking that files
+# does not change after copied into SCRATCH_MNT test if FITRIM implementation
+# corrupts the filesystem (data/metadata).
+#
+#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+# Copyright 2010 (C) Red Hat, Inc., Lukas Czerner <lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx>
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+# modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+# published by the Free Software Foundation.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
+# Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
+#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+owner=lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx
+
+seq=`basename $0`
+echo "QA output created by $seq"
+
+here=`pwd`
+tmp=`mktemp -d`
+status=1    # failure is the default!
+trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 3
+trap "_destroy; exit \$status" 2 15
+chpid=0
+mypid=$$
+
+# get standard environment, filters and checks
+. ./common.rc
+. ./common.filter
+
+# real QA test starts here
+_supported_fs generic
+_supported_os Linux
+_require_scratch
+_scratch_mkfs >/dev/null 2>&1
+_scratch_mount
+
+_cleanup()
+{
+       rm -rf $tmp
+}
+
+_destroy()
+{
+       kill $pids $fstrim_pid
+       wait $pids $fstrim_pid
+       rm -rf $tmp
+}
+
+_destroy_fstrim()
+{
+       kill $fpid
+       wait $fpid
+}
+
+_fail()
+{
+       echo "$1"
+       kill $mypid
+}
+
+_check_fstrim_support()
+{
+       $here/src/fstrim -l 10M $SCRATCH_MNT &> /dev/null
+}
+
+##
+# Background FSTRIM loop. We are trimming the device in the loop and for
+# test coverage, we are doing whole device trim followed by several smaller
+# trims.
+##
+fstrim_loop()
+{
+       trap "_destroy_fstrim; exit \$status" 2 15
+       fsize=$(df | grep $SCRATCH_MNT | grep $SCRATCH_DEV  | awk '{print $2}')
+
+       while true ; do
+               step=1048576
+               start=0
+               $here/src/fstrim $SCRATCH_MNT &
+               fpid=$!
+               wait $fpid
+               while [ $start -lt $fsize ] ; do
+                       $here/src/fstrim -s ${start}k -l ${step}k $SCRATCH_MNT &
+                       fpid=$!
+                       wait $fpid
+                       start=$(( $start + $step ))
+               done
+       done
+}
+
+function check_sums() {
+       (
+       cd $SCRATCH_MNT/$p
+       find -P . -xdev -type f -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum | sort -o 
$tmp/stress.$$.$p
+       )
+
+       diff $tmp/content.sums $tmp/stress.$$.$p
+       if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+               _fail "!!!Checksums has changed - Filesystem possibly 
corrupted!!!\n"
+       fi
+       rm -f $tmp/stress.$$.$p
+}
+
+function run_process() {
+       local p=$1
+       repeat=10
+
+       sleep $((5*$p))s &
+       export chpid=$! && wait $chpid &> /dev/null
+       chpid=0
+
+       while [ $repeat -gt 0 ]; do
+
+               # Remove old directories.
+               rm -rf $SCRATCH_MNT/$p
+               export chpid=$! && wait $chpid &> /dev/null
+
+               # Copy content -> partition.
+               mkdir $SCRATCH_MNT/$p
+               cp -axT $content $SCRATCH_MNT/$p
+               export chpid=$! && wait $chpid &> /dev/null
+
+               check_sums
+               repeat=$(( $repeat - 1 ))
+       done
+}
+
+nproc=20
+content=$here
+
+# Check for FITRIM support
+echo -n "Checking FITRIM support: "
+_check_fstrim_support || _notrun "FSTRIM is not supported"
+echo "done."
+
+mkdir -p $tmp
+
+(
+cd $content
+find -P . -xdev -type f -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum | sort -o $tmp/content.sums
+)
+
+echo -n "Running the test: "
+pids=""
+fstrim_loop &
+fstrim_pid=$!
+p=1
+while [ $p -le $nproc ]; do
+       run_process $p &
+       pids="$pids $!"
+       p=$(($p+1))
+done
+echo "done."
+
+wait $pids
+kill $fstrim_pid
+wait $fstrim_pid
+
+status=0
+
+exit
diff --git a/249.out b/249.out
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..880d9c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/249.out
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+QA output created by 248
+Checking FITRIM support: done.
+Running the test: done.
diff --git a/group b/group
index a40c98f..04c45b5 100644
--- a/group
+++ b/group
@@ -361,4 +361,5 @@ deprecated
 245 auto quick dir
 246 auto quick rw
 247 auto quick rw
-248 auto quick rw 
+248 auto quick rw
+249 ioctl trim
diff --git a/src/Makefile b/src/Makefile
index 47d7334..3d35e26 100644
--- a/src/Makefile
+++ b/src/Makefile
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ LINUX_TARGETS = xfsctl bstat t_mtab getdevicesize 
preallo_rw_pattern_reader \
        preallo_rw_pattern_writer ftrunc trunc fs_perms testx looptest \
        locktest unwritten_mmap bulkstat_unlink_test t_stripealign \
        bulkstat_unlink_test_modified t_dir_offset t_futimens t_immutable \
-       stale_handle pwrite_mmap_blocked
+       stale_handle pwrite_mmap_blocked fstrim
 
 SUBDIRS =
 
diff --git a/src/fstrim.c b/src/fstrim.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f1f37ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/fstrim.c
@@ -0,0 +1,257 @@
+/*
+ * fstrim.c -- discard the part (or whole) of mounted filesystem.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc., Lukas Czerner <lczerner@xxxxxxxxxx>
+ *
+ * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ * This program uses FITRIM ioctl to discard parts or the whole filesystem
+ * online (mounted). You can specify range (start and lenght) to be
+ * discarded, or simply discard while filesystem.
+ *
+ * Usage: fstrim [options] <mount point>
+ */
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+
+#ifndef FITRIM
+struct fstrim_range {
+       uint64_t start;
+       uint64_t len;
+       uint64_t minlen;
+};
+#define FITRIM         _IOWR('X', 121, struct fstrim_range)
+#endif
+
+const char *program_name = "fstrim";
+
+struct options {
+       struct fstrim_range *range;
+       char mpoint[PATH_MAX];
+       char verbose;
+};
+
+static void usage(void)
+{
+       fprintf(stderr,
+               "Usage: %s [-s start] [-l length] [-m minimum-extent]"
+               " [-v] {mountpoint}\n\t"
+               "-s Starting Byte to discard from\n\t"
+               "-l Number of Bytes to discard from the start\n\t"
+               "-m Minimum extent length to discard\n\t"
+               "-v Verbose - number of discarded bytes\n",
+               program_name);
+}
+
+static void err_exit(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+       va_list pvar;
+       va_start(pvar, fmt);
+       vfprintf(stderr, fmt, pvar);
+       va_end(pvar);
+       usage();
+       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Get the number from argument. It can be number followed by
+ * units: k|K, m|M, g|G, t|T
+ */
+static unsigned long long get_number(char **optarg)
+{
+       char *opt, *end;
+       unsigned long long number, max;
+
+       /* get the max to avoid overflow */
+       max = ULLONG_MAX / 1024;
+       number = 0;
+       opt = *optarg;
+
+       if (*opt == '-') {
+               err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                        strerror(ERANGE), *optarg);
+       }
+
+       errno = 0;
+       number = strtoul(opt, &end , 0);
+       if (errno)
+               err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                        strerror(errno), *optarg);
+
+       /*
+        * Convert units to numbers. Fall-through stack is used for units
+        * so absence of breaks is intentional.
+        */
+       switch (*end) {
+       case 'T': /* terabytes */
+       case 't':
+               if (number > max)
+                       err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                                strerror(ERANGE), *optarg);
+               number *= 1024;
+       case 'G': /* gigabytes */
+       case 'g':
+               if (number > max)
+                       err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                                strerror(ERANGE), *optarg);
+               number *= 1024;
+       case 'M': /* megabytes */
+       case 'm':
+               if (number > max)
+                       err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                                strerror(ERANGE), *optarg);
+               number *= 1024;
+       case 'K': /* kilobytes */
+       case 'k':
+               if (number > max)
+                       err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                                strerror(ERANGE), *optarg);
+               number *= 1024;
+               end++;
+       case '\0': /* end of the string */
+               break;
+       default:
+               err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                        strerror(EINVAL), *optarg);
+               return 0;
+       }
+
+       if (*end != '\0') {
+               err_exit("%s: %s (%s)\n", program_name,
+                        strerror(EINVAL), *optarg);
+       }
+
+       return number;
+}
+
+static int parse_opts(int argc, char **argv, struct options *opts)
+{
+       int c;
+
+       while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "s:l:m:v")) != EOF) {
+               switch (c) {
+               case 's': /* starting point */
+                       opts->range->start = get_number(&optarg);
+                       break;
+               case 'l': /* length */
+                       opts->range->len = get_number(&optarg);
+                       break;
+               case 'm': /* minlen */
+                       opts->range->minlen = get_number(&optarg);
+                       break;
+               case 'v': /* verbose */
+                       opts->verbose = 1;
+                       break;
+               default:
+                       return EXIT_FAILURE;
+               }
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+       struct options *opts;
+       struct stat sb;
+       int fd, err = 0, ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
+
+       opts = malloc(sizeof(struct options));
+       if (!opts)
+               err_exit("%s: malloc(): %s\n", program_name, strerror(errno));
+
+       opts->range = NULL;
+       opts->verbose = 0;
+
+       if (argc > 1)
+               strncpy(opts->mpoint, argv[argc - 1], sizeof(opts->mpoint));
+
+       opts->range = calloc(1, sizeof(struct fstrim_range));
+       if (!opts->range) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: calloc(): %s\n", program_name,
+                       strerror(errno));
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       opts->range->len = ULLONG_MAX;
+
+       if (argc > 2)
+               err = parse_opts(argc, argv, opts);
+
+       if (err) {
+               usage();
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       if (strnlen(opts->mpoint, 1) < 1) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: You have to specify mount point.\n",
+                       program_name);
+               usage();
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       if (stat(opts->mpoint, &sb) == -1) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s: %s\n", program_name,
+                       opts->mpoint, strerror(errno));
+               usage();
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       if (!S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode)) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s: (%s)\n", program_name,
+                       opts->mpoint, strerror(ENOTDIR));
+               usage();
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       fd = open(opts->mpoint, O_RDONLY);
+       if (fd < 0) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: open(%s): %s\n", program_name,
+                       opts->mpoint, strerror(errno));
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       if (ioctl(fd, FITRIM, opts->range)) {
+               fprintf(stderr, "%s: FSTRIM: %s\n", program_name,
+                       strerror(errno));
+               goto free_opts;
+       }
+
+       if ((opts->verbose) && (opts->range))
+               fprintf(stdout, "%llu Bytes were trimmed\n", (unsigned long 
long)opts->range->len);
+
+       ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
+
+free_opts:
+       if (opts) {
+               if (opts->range)
+                       free(opts->range);
+               free(opts);
+       }
+
+       return ret;
+}
-- 
1.7.4

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