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Re: xfs_repair of critical volume

To: Eli Morris <ermorris@xxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: xfs_repair of critical volume
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sun, 14 Nov 2010 22:05:59 +1100
Cc: Michael Monnerie <michael.monnerie@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <BE08758D-20B4-48F1-8BF7-FCD0341D38C2@xxxxxxxx>
References: <75C248E3-2C99-426E-AE7D-9EC543726796@xxxxxxxx> <4CCD3CE6.8060407@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <864DA9C9-B4A4-4B6B-A901-A457E2B9F5A5@xxxxxxxx> <201011121422.28993@xxxxxx> <BE08758D-20B4-48F1-8BF7-FCD0341D38C2@xxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.20 (2009-06-14)
On Fri, Nov 12, 2010 at 03:01:47PM -0800, Eli Morris wrote:
> 
> On Nov 12, 2010, at 5:22 AM, Michael Monnerie wrote:
> 
> > On Freitag, 12. November 2010 Eli Morris wrote:
> >> The filesystem must be pointing to files that don't exist, or
> >> something like that. Is there a way to fix that, to say, remove
> >> files that don't exist anymore, sort of command? I thought that
> >> xfs_repair would do that, but apparently not in this case.
> > 
> > The filesystem is not optimized for "I replace part of the disk contents 
> > with zeroes" and find that errors. You will have to look in each file if 
> > it's contents are still valid, or maybe bogus.
....
> Let me see if I can give you and everyone else a little more
> information and clarify this problem somewhat. And if there is
> nothing practical that can be done, then OK. What I am looking for
> is the best PRACTICAL outcome here given our resources and if
> anyone has an idea that might be helpful, that would be awesome. I
> put practical in caps, because that is the rub in all this. We
> could send X to a data recovery service, but there is no money for
> that. We could do Y, but if it takes a couple of months to
> accomplish, it might be better to do Z, even though Z is riskier
> or deletes some amount of data, because it is cheap and only takes
> one day to do..

Well, the best thing you can do is work out where in the block
device the zeroed range was, and then walk the entire filesystem
running xfs_bmap on every file to work out where their physical
extents are. i.e. build a physical block map of the good and bad
regions, then find what files have bits in the bad regions.
I've seen this done before with a perl script, and shouldn't take
more than a few hours to write and run....

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

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