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Re: Latencies writing to memory mapped files

To: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: Latencies writing to memory mapped files
From: Shawn Bohrer <shawn.bohrer@xxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 13:05:41 -0500
Cc: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
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On Tue, Sep 21, 2010 at 08:48:33AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 20, 2010 at 05:17:26PM -0500, Shawn Bohrer wrote:
> > On Mon, Sep 20, 2010 at 10:05:35AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > > FWIW, if you can work out the magic necessary (perhaps systemtap) it
> > > woul dbe really interesting to know whether it is the same buffer
> > > that is causing the latency every time (i.e. get the bp->b_bn field
> > > from the metadata buffer). With the block number, we can use xfs_db
> > > to dig out what the buffer actually is....
> > 
> > I'm working on a dev box right now so I just added a trace_printk() to
> > print out the bp->b_bn field when the xfs_buf_lock blocks for more
> > than 300ms.  Here are some numbers (I can easily get a lot more):
> > 
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 1843ms on bp->b_bn: 812730376
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 1504ms on bp->b_bn: 406702514
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 307ms on bp->b_bn: 881190896
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 433ms on bp->b_bn: 406703400
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 420ms on bp->b_bn: 541595968
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 308ms on bp->b_bn: 44945968
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 702ms on bp->b_bn: 406027744
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 454ms on bp->b_bn: 474486504
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 869ms on bp->b_bn: 881195976
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 387ms on bp->b_bn: 1287891544
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 397ms on bp->b_bn: 1220116224
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 461ms on bp->b_bn: 2101644280
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 312ms on bp->b_bn: 338919728
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 356ms on bp->b_bn: 1016769536
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 593ms on bp->b_bn: 474488848
> > _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 323ms on bp->b_bn: 1022248984
> > 
> > I should say that not every one of these results in a stall in my
> > application, since my app needs to generate a page fault while that
> > lock is held.
> 
> Hmmm - it would be good to know which one produced the latency,
> given there does not appear to be a pattern in the block numbers.

OK here is a little more information which may be relevant.  I've
currently got 12 processes that read data from a socket and each write
to a different memory mapped file.  The apps are only appending to the
file, but they don't write the data in one sequential chunk so it is
quite possible that it appears as random IO for a short time period.

This time I made some more modifications so that I would only capture
the bp->b_bn when one of my processes sees a delay of 300ms or greater.
There still is a small chance for false positives, but most of these
should have caused real delays.  All of the following came from the
same process:

[001] 81758.886627: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 871ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487328
[001] 81920.808163: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 1038ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487568
[001] 82933.428627: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 767ms on bp->b_bn: 
542273864
[000] 83048.558413: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 363ms on bp->b_bn: 
474488080
[001] 86717.251189: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 514ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487560
[001] 88466.635802: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 380ms on bp->b_bn: 
542274544
[000] 88972.122062: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 521ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487560
[001] 89271.988589: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 496ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487560
[001] 91046.566309: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 540ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487560
[001] 91047.280042: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 713ms on bp->b_bn: 
542274216
[001] 91212.458472: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 490ms on bp->b_bn: 
542274544
[001] 92397.667196: _xfs_buf_find: xfs_buf_lock blocked for 549ms on bp->b_bn: 
474487560

> > What do I need to do to convert the block numbers to a buffer?
> 
> # xfs_db -r -c "daddr 812730376" -c "print" <dev>
> 
> Will dump the sector at that address. That should be enough to tell
> us what is in the buffer (by the magic number).

So I have no idea what I'm looking at but here is the output for the
above numbers (duplicates removed):

xfs_db -r -c "daddr 474487328" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 0000007f 00000000 07000082 00000000 07000092 00000000 0039a000
020: 0002c085 ede00009 80000000 0039b200 0002c085 ef000017 00000000 0039e000
040: 0002c085 f1e0008d 80000000 003afa00 0002c086 03800007 00000000 003b0800
060: 0002c086 0460000b 80000000 003b1e00 0002c086 05c00001 00000000 003b2000
080: 0002c086 05e000ce 80000000 003cbc00 0002c086 1fa0001a 00000000 003cf000
0a0: 0002c086 22e00027 80000000 003d3e00 0002c086 27c00001 00000000 003d4000
0c0: 0002c086 27e00001 80000000 003d4200 0002c086 28000007 00000000 003d5000
0e0: 0002c086 28e00010 80000000 003d7000 0002c086 2ae00030 00000000 003dd000
100: 0002c086 30e0003a 80000000 003e4400 0002c086 38200006 00000000 003e5000
120: 0002c086 38e00086 80000000 003f5c00 0002c086 49a00002 00000000 003f6000
140: 0002c086 49e00009 80000000 003f7200 0002c086 4b000007 00000000 003f8000
160: 0002c0ac dec00004 80000000 003f8800 0002c0ac df400004 00000000 003f9000
180: 0002c0ac dfc00011 80000000 003fb200 0002c0ac e1e00007 00000000 003fc000
1a0: 0002c0ac e2c00001 80000000 003fc200 0002c0ac e2e00007 00000000 003fd000
1c0: 0002c0ac e3c00072 80000000 0040b400 0002c0ac f200000e 00000000 0040d000
1e0: 0002c0ac f3c00025 80000000 00411a00 0002c0ac f8600007 00000000 00412800
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 474487568" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 000000be 00000000 070000a1 00000000 070000a4 00000000 008b8800
020: 0002c133 39600003 80000000 008b8e00 0002c133 39c00005 00000000 008b9800
040: 0002c133 3a600001 80000000 008b9a00 0002c133 3a800007 00000000 008ba800
060: 0002c133 3b600001 80000000 008baa00 0002c133 3b800007 00000000 008bb800
080: 0002c133 3c600001 80000000 008bba00 0002c133 3c800007 00000000 008bc800
0a0: 0002c133 3d600001 80000000 008bca00 0002c133 3d800007 00000000 008bd800
0c0: 0002c133 3e600001 80000000 008bda00 0002c133 3e800007 00000000 008be800
0e0: 0002c133 3f60000a 80000000 008bfc00 0002c133 40a00006 00000000 008c0800
100: 0002c133 41600001 80000000 008c0a00 0002c133 41800007 00000000 008c1800
120: 0002c133 4260000c 80000000 008c3000 0002c133 43e00004 00000000 008c3800
140: 0002c133 44600004 80000000 008c4000 0002c133 44e00004 00000000 008c4800
160: 0002c133 45600001 80000000 008c4a00 0002c133 45800007 00000000 008c5800
180: 0002c133 4660000a 80000000 008c6c00 0002c133 47a00006 00000000 008c7800
1a0: 0002c133 48600009 80000000 008c8a00 0002c133 49800007 00000000 008c9800
1c0: 0002c133 4a600003 80000000 008c9e00 0002c133 4ac00005 00000000 008ca800
1e0: 0002c133 4b600009 80000000 008cba00 0002c133 4c800007 00000000 008cc800
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 542273864" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 000000ce 00000000 080001e3 00000000 0800020b 80000000 05a45600
020: 0002c1a5 34e00005 00000000 05a46000 0002c1a5 3580000c 80000000 05a47800
040: 0002c1a5 37000004 00000000 05a48000 0002c1a5 37800011 80000000 05a4a200
060: 0002c1a5 39a00017 00000000 05a4d000 0002c1a5 3c80000e 80000000 05a4ec00
080: 0002c1a5 3e400002 00000000 05a4f000 0002c1a5 3e800003 80000000 05a4f600
0a0: 0002c1a5 3ee00001 00000000 05a4f800 0002c1a5 3f000009 80000000 05a50a00
0c0: 0002c1a5 40200007 00000000 05a51800 0002c1a5 41000104 80000000 05a72000
0e0: 0002c1a5 61800004 00000000 05a72800 0002c1a5 6200000d 80000000 05a74200
100: 0002c1a5 63a00003 00000000 05a74800 0002c1a5 6400005f 80000000 05a80600
120: 0002c1a5 6fe000a1 00000000 05a94800 0002c1a5 84000001 80000000 05a94a00
140: 0002c1a5 84200007 00000000 05a95800 0002c1a5 85000013 80000000 05a97e00
160: 0002c1a5 8760000d 00000000 05a99800 0002c1a5 89000036 80000000 05aa0400
180: 0002c1a5 8fc0000a 00000000 05aa1800 0002c1a5 91000015 80000000 05aa4200
1a0: 0002c1a5 93a0002b 00000000 05aa9800 0002c1a5 990000ba 80000000 05ac0c00
1c0: 0002c1a5 b0400046 00000000 05ac9800 0002c1a5 b9000014 80000000 05acc000
1e0: 0002c1a5 bb80000c 00000000 05acd800 0002c1a5 bd000015 80000000 05ad0200
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 474488080" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 000000ab 00000000 070000e2 00000000 070000e4 80000000 00fbb200
020: 0002c13a 3c000003 00000000 00fbb800 0002c13a 3c600005 80000000 00fbc200
040: 0002c13a 3d000003 00000000 00fbc800 0002c13a 3d600002 80000000 00fbcc00
060: 0002c13a 3da00006 00000000 00fbd800 0002c13a 3e60000b 80000000 00fbee00
080: 0002c13a 3fc00005 00000000 00fbf800 0002c13a 40600001 80000000 00fbfa00
0a0: 0002c13a 40800007 00000000 00fc0800 0002c13a 41600005 80000000 00fc1200
0c0: 0002c13a 42000003 00000000 00fc1800 0002c13a 42600009 80000000 00fc2a00
0e0: 0002c13a 43800007 00000000 00fc3800 0002c13a 44600001 80000000 00fc3a00
100: 0002c13a 44800007 00000000 00fc4800 0002c13a 4560000a 80000000 00fc5c00
120: 0002c13a 46a00006 00000000 00fc6800 0002c13a 47600004 80000000 00fc7000
140: 0002c13a 47e00004 00000000 00fc7800 0002c13a 4860000b 80000000 00fc8e00
160: 0002c13a 49c00005 00000000 00fc9800 0002c13a 4a600005 80000000 00fca200
180: 0002c13a 4b000003 00000000 00fca800 0002c13a 4b600002 80000000 00fcac00
1a0: 0002c13a 4ba00006 00000000 00fcb800 0002c13a 4c600002 80000000 00fcbc00
1c0: 0002c13a 4ca00006 00000000 00fcc800 0002c13a 4d600003 80000000 00fcce00
1e0: 0002c13a 4dc00005 00000000 00fcd800 0002c13a 4e60000b 80000000 00fcee00
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 542274216" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 000000dc 00000000 0800020b 00000000 08000208 80000000 0609fc00
020: 0002c1ab 8f40000e 00000000 060a1800 0002c1ab 9100005f 80000000 060ad600
040: 0002c1ab 9ce000a1 00000000 060c1800 0002c1ab b1000006 80000000 060c2400
060: 0002c1ab b1c00002 00000000 060c2800 0002c1ab b2000012 80000000 060c4c00
080: 0002c1ab b440000e 00000000 060c6800 0002c1ab b6000012 80000000 060c8c00
0a0: 0002c1ab b840002e 00000000 060ce800 0002c1ab be000011 80000000 060d0a00
0c0: 0002c1ab c020002f 00000000 060d6800 0002c1ab c600000b 80000000 060d7e00
0e0: 0002c1ab c7600015 00000000 060da800 0002c1ab ca000011 80000000 060dca00
100: 0002c1ab cc20000f 00000000 060de800 0002c1ab ce00011a 80000000 06101c00
120: 0002c1ab f1400012 00000000 06104000 0002c1ab f3800021 80000000 06108200
140: 0002c1ab f7a00007 00000000 06109000 0002c1ab f8800001 80000000 06109200
160: 0002c1ab f8a00007 00000000 0610a000 0002c1ab f980000c 80000000 0610b800
180: 0002c1ab fb000034 00000000 06112000 0002c1ac 01800009 80000000 06113200
1a0: 0002c1ac 02a00007 00000000 06114000 0002c1ac 03800001 80000000 06114200
1c0: 0002c1ac 03a00007 00000000 06115000 0002c1ac 04800001 80000000 06115200
1e0: 0002c1ac 04a00007 00000000 06116000 0002c1ac 05800011 80000000 06118200
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 542274544" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 0000007f 00000000 08000234 00000000 08000238 80000000 04089200
020: 0002c18b 78a00007 00000000 0408a000 0002c18b 79800001 80000000 0408a200
040: 0002c18b 79a00007 00000000 0408b000 0002c18b 7a800001 80000000 0408b200
060: 0002c18b 7aa00007 00000000 0408c000 0002c18b 7b800001 80000000 0408c200
080: 0002c18b 7ba00007 00000000 0408d000 0002c18b 7c80002d 80000000 04092a00
0a0: 0002c18b 82200003 00000000 04093000 0002c18b 8280001d 80000000 04096a00
0c0: 0002c18b 86200003 00000000 04097000 0002c18b 86800029 80000000 0409c200
0e0: 0002c18b 8ba00007 00000000 0409d000 0002c18b 8c8000d8 80000000 040b8000
100: 0002c18b a7800004 00000000 040b8800 0002c18b a8000011 80000000 040baa00
120: 0002c18b aa200007 00000000 040bb800 0002c18b ab000001 80000000 040bba00
140: 0002c18b ab200007 00000000 040bc800 0002c18b ac000011 80000000 040bea00
160: 0002c18b ae200007 00000000 040bf800 0002c18b af000179 80000000 040eea00
180: 0002c18b de200007 00000000 040ef800 0002c18b df000011 80000000 040f1a00
1a0: 0002c18b e1200007 00000000 040f2800 0002c18b e2000021 80000000 040f6a00
1c0: 0002c18b e6200003 00000000 040f7000 0002c18b e6800001 80000000 040f7200
1e0: 0002c18b e6a00007 00000000 040f8000 0002c18b e78000a9 80000000 0410d200
xfs_db -r -c "daddr 474487560" -c "print" /dev/sda5
000: 424d4150 0001003e ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff 00000000 00000000
020: 00000000 0000257d 00000000 0000297e 00000000 00002d7f 00000000 000031b6
040: 00000000 000035bd 00000000 000039c5 00000000 00003dcd 00000000 000041dd
060: 00000000 000045c4 00000000 000049c0 00000000 00004dd8 00000000 000051d8
080: 00000000 000055e3 00000000 000059c8 00000000 00005dc7 00000000 000061bc
0a0: 00000000 000065b4 00000000 000069b4 00000000 00006dc5 00000000 000071cc
0c0: 00000000 000075cc 00000000 000079d4 00000000 00007dd9 00000000 000081db
0e0: 00000000 000085cd 00000000 000089bd 00000000 00008dcd 00000000 000092f1
100: 00000000 000099ac 00000000 0000a049 00000000 0000a56d 00000000 0000abe8
120: 00000000 0000b349 00000000 0000bd14 00000000 0000cb27 00000000 0000dcd0
140: 00000000 0000f248 00000000 000105e5 00000000 00011fe0 00000000 0001401c
160: 00000000 000149fd 00000000 00014ce9 00000000 00016649 00000000 0001a524
180: 00000000 0001df90 00000000 00020449 00000000 00021e84 00000000 00023c74
1a0: 00000000 00027290 00000000 00028a92 00000000 0002a188 00000000 0002bcbf
1c0: 00000000 0002d22b 00000000 0002e811 00000000 000304fe 00000000 000321a8
1e0: 00000000 00033aca 00000000 000353e5 00000000 00036dc5 00000000 00038a39


Thanks,
Shawn

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