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Possible to preallocate files that always begin/end on stripe unit/width

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Subject: Possible to preallocate files that always begin/end on stripe unit/width?
From: Green Guy <greentech3000@xxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 3 Sep 2010 13:12:30 -0700
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I am working on an app that will write to preallocated files. I can control how big the files are (as long as they are between 4-6GB) and the amount of data sent with each write() call.
I have a 3.2TB virtual drive that I need to use as much of as possible but performance is the number one concern.

The system is an 8 disk RAID5 with a 256k stripe. Based on this, I am using:

mkfs.xfs -b size=4096 -l version=2,sunit=512 -d su=256k,sw=7 -f /dev/sdb
meta-data=""               isize=256    agcount=32, agsize=26679232 blks
         =                       sectsz=512   attr=0
data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=853735424, imaxpct=25
         =                       sunit=64     swidth=
 blks, unwritten=1
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096  
log      =internal log           bsize=4096   blocks=32768, version=2
         =                       sectsz=512   sunit=64 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0

and
mount -t xfs -o sunit=512,swidth=3584,inode64,nobarrier,logbufs=8  /dev/sdb /mnt

Based on what I have read, it appears then my "most optimal" write/read size would be 1835008 bytes (3584 *512).

So based on that, I want to preallocate files somewhere between 4-6GB each that will always begin and end on the stripe unit and stripe width and be a multiple of 1835008.

I know that XFS metadata such as the log, AG info, etc also need to be accounted for, but I am not sure the best way to determine how much space they will take.

I assume that the fact that, once I set the number of files on the disk, they will not change/expand must be an advantage, but I am unsure how to leverage it.

I have tried file sizes in several different multiples of 1835008, but for all of them, bmap -vp has flags 00011.

How can I determine the correct file size and preallocate them in a way where they always begin/end on stripe unit/width taking the filesystem overhead into account?
Note: the log needs to stay on the same fs.

Thanks
g3k



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