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Re: [PATCH] XFS: Let the broken fiemap work in query mode.

To: Tao Ma <tao.ma@xxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] XFS: Let the broken fiemap work in query mode.
From: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2010 12:30:58 +1000
Cc: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx, Eric Sandeen <sandeen@xxxxxxxxxx>, Christoph Hellwig <hch@xxxxxx>, Alex Elder <aelder@xxxxxxx>
In-reply-to: <4BD796A1.7050505@xxxxxxxxxx>
References: <1272349065-16383-1-git-send-email-tao.ma@xxxxxxxxxx> <20100428015035.GC9783@dastard> <4BD796A1.7050505@xxxxxxxxxx>
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.20 (2009-06-14)
On Wed, Apr 28, 2010 at 10:00:01AM +0800, Tao Ma wrote:
> Hi Dave,
> 
> Dave Chinner wrote:
> >On Tue, Apr 27, 2010 at 02:17:45PM +0800, Tao Ma wrote:
> >>According to Documentation/filesystems/fiemap.txt, If fm_extent_count
> >>is zero, then the fm_extents[] array is ignored (no extents will be
> >>returned), and the fm_mapped_extents count will hold the number of
> >>extents needed.
> >>
> >>But as the commit 97db39a1f6f69e906e98118392400de5217aa33a has changed
> >>bmv_count to the caller's input buffer, this number query function can't
> >>work any more. As this commit is written to change bmv_count from
> >>MAXEXTNUM because of ENOMEM, we can't find a really suitable number to
> >>set bmv_count now in xfs_vn_fiemap. Since we really have no idea of how
> >>much extents the file has, a big number may cause ENOMEM, while a small
> >>one will mask the real extent no.
> >>
> >>So this patch try to resolve this problem by adding a temporary getbmapx
> >>in xfs_getbmap. If the caller didn't give bmv_count, we don't allocate
> >>the "out" either. Instead, every time we want to use 'out', use '&tmp'
> >>instead.
> >>
> >>I know this solution is a bit ugly, but I can't find a way to resolve
> >>this issue while not changing the codes too much. So any good suggestion
> >>is welcomed.
> >
> >I don't see a need to change xfs_getbmap() to fix this. We can limit
> >the maximum allocation size to something realistic just by setting
> >bm.bmv.count to something sane. e.g, in xfs_vn_fiemap:
> >
> >-    bm.bmv_count = fieinfo->fi_extents_max + 1;
> >+    bm.bmv.count = !fieinfo->fi_extents_max ? MAXEXTNUM :
> >+                                    fieinfo->fi_extents_max - 1;
> >+    bm.bmv_count = MIN(bm.bmv_count,
> >                             (PAGE_SIZE * 16 / sizeof(struct getbmapx)));
> >
> >Unless I'm missing something, that should also prevent the case of
> >an application providing a really large fi_extents_max from
> >triggering ENOMEM in most cases as well.
> I just worry about one thing: What if the real extent number is
> larger than the PAGE_SIZE * 16 / sizeof(struct getbmapx)? In this
> case, we will give up the wrong extent number to the user space.

Applications need to handle mappings changing from query to getting
the mapping, so this should not be a major issue. Especially as the
method of fiemap indicating there are more extents to be extracted
from the inode in the case the kernel can't allocate a buffer large
enough is already documented.

Realistically though, xfs_getbmap() needs a complete rewrite so
right now I'd prefer just to do the minimum to fix the reported
problem that continue to make it into even more of a mess than it is
now...

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

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