For many years and with great success, I have been capturing and editing
high bandwidth video on Linux systems with XFS filesystems exported via
Samba. However, I am currently running into a problem and I am wondering
if somebody has some hints about how to solve it.
Whereas in the past, I have been working with video formats such as MXF
and QuickTime -- in which a video clip is represented by a single file
(or by a handful of files -- one video, several audio) I now find myself
having to deal with DPX files. Unlike MXF or QuickTime files, the DPX
format creates one file for each frame of video or film. For American
video, that's about 30 files per second, 1800 files per minute, and so on.
I have a high performance 10-gigabit-based NAS that allows me to capture
and playback "single file" uncompressed HD video streams (up to 160
MB/sec per stream) without any problems. I can also PLAY BACK so-called
2K DPX video, which has the "1 file per frame structure" and has a
higher data rate than uncompressed HD -- a bit over 300 MB/sec. However,
when I go to WRITE DPX files, that's where the trouble begins. Even when
I am recording "standard definition" DPX files at only a data rate of
about 40 MB/sec or 1.3 MB/file, I am having trouble.
This is what I am observing:
1) When I begin recording, I can see that data immediately starts
moving across the network at a steady rate of about 41-42 MB/sec, and
data also starts getting written to the hardware RAID at the same steady
rate (3ware 9650 + 16 x 7200 RPM enterprise-class SATA disks)
2) After about 3 minutes of recording, or after about 6000 files have
been written, suddenly my server is no longer writing to the RAID
subsystem. The data continues to come in through the network interface,
but the writing stops. When I look at vmstat, I can see that "outgoing
blocks" pretty much grind to a halt at this point.
3) Then, after about 5-10 seconds of pause, the system begins writing
to the RAID again. All the while, the data has been coming into the
network interface at a fairly steady 41-42 MB/sec. The writing never
seems to "catch up" and about 10 seconds after the writing begins again,
the client application stops sending data because it senses that it has
4) Level 5 Samba show some curious errors now and then about
"xfs_quota" failing -- but they don't seem to be concentrated just at
the point where the writing stops.
[2009/10/30 15:00:59, 3] lib/sysquotas.c:sys_get_quota(433)
sys_get_xfs_quota() failed for mntpath[/mnt/vol1] bdev[/dev/sdb1]
qtype id: No such file or directory.
By the way, I tried mounting my XFS filesytsems without quota support --
I don't see these messages any more, but I also still have the same
problem that the system stops writing to the disks after about 3 minutes.
5) If I export an iSCSI target from the exact same NAS (via iSCSI
Enterprise Target, for example), mount it on my Windows machine and
format it as NTFS, I don't have any trouble capturing for an hour or
more. So, there is clearly nothing wrong with the network or the
cabling or the RAID subsystem itself.
6) Similarly, if I format my storage with EXT3 instead of XFS and
export the volume via Samba, I don't have any trouble recording for the
same very long periods of time. I DO observe a very different pattern
of writing to the storage, however. While 41-42 MB/sec comes in
steadily over the network interface, with ext3-formated disks, the NAS
writes to the storage at about 200-250 MB/sec every now and then. Then
there is no writing activity for about 4-5 seconds. Then another burst
of 200-250 MB/sec again. And the pattern continues.
7) My NAS system is running a plain-vanilla 22.214.171.124 kernel.org
kernel. It is a 64-bit system with 3.2 Ghz Quad Core Intel 5482 CPUs
and 4 GBs of RAM. However, I see EXACTLY the same behavior on an an
even more powerful Nehalem-based system with 2.93 Ghz Quad Core CPU and
6 GBs RAM and the very latest 126.96.36.199 kernel. So, I don't think it has
anything to do with the XFS version or the hardware, for instance. And
as I said above, I don't have trouble handling much higher data rates
when I am only creating a few files per hour, versus creating 30 files
My hunch is that the problem is related to the number of files I am
creating per second. Could it be that XFS is not handling this situation
well, whereas this doesn't pose a problem for EXT3 or iSCSI/NTFS? I am
wondering if there are any specific XFS formating or mounting options
that would make a huge difference (size of log, sectorsize, agsize,
inode size, allocation group count, log buffers at mounting, etc).
Any ideas here? Is this a known issue? And is there a workaround? Any
help would be greatly appreciated.