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Re: xfs_force_shutdown

To: Hieu Le Trung <hieult@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: xfs_force_shutdown
From: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 13 Oct 2009 10:31:47 -0500
Cc: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <CEBA5E865263FA4D8848D53D92E6A9AE0416AC5C@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
References: <CEBA5E865263FA4D8848D53D92E6A9AE0412EC23@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4AD32DED.4050402@xxxxxxxxxxx> <CEBA5E865263FA4D8848D53D92E6A9AE0416AB0B@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4AD493FE.6000403@xxxxxxxxxxx> <CEBA5E865263FA4D8848D53D92E6A9AE0416AC5C@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
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Hieu Le Trung wrote:
> Eric Sandeen wrote:
>> Hieu Le Trung wrote:
>>> Eric Sandeen wrote:
>>>> Hieu Le Trung wrote:
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>> What may cause metadata becomes bad? I got xfs_force_shutdown
>>>>> with
>>> 0x2
>>>>> parameter.
>>>> Software bugs or hardware problems.  If you provide the actual
> kernel
>>>> message we can offer more info on what xfs saw and why it shut
> down.
>>> I'm not sure which one is it but the issue is hard to reproduce. 
>>> I have following in the dmesg but I'm not sure it's the right one
>>>  <1>I/O error in filesystem ("sda2") meta-data dev sda2 block
>> 0xf054f4
>>> ("xlog_iodone") error 5 buf count 32768
>> Were there IO errors from the storage before this?  i.e. did some
> lower
>> layer go bad.
> Before that is bunch of speed down request, maybe the real error has 
> been truncated <3>ata1.00: speed down requested but no transfer mode
> left <3>ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x10c00000 action
> 0x2 <3>ata1.00: tag 0 cmd 0x30 Emask 0x10 stat 0x51 err 0x84 (ATA bus
>  error)

Ok, so you have a storage error, and XFS is just reacting to that condition.

>>> <5>xfs_force_shutdown(sda2,0x2) called from line 956 of file 
>>> fs/xfs/xfs_log.c.  Return address = 0x801288d8
>>> Furthermore, the driver's write cache is <5>SCSI device sda:
>>> drive cache: write back
>> That's fine...
> But in the XFS FAQ, they require to turn off the driver write cache 
> http://xfs.org/index.php/XFS_FAQ#Q:_What_is_the_problem_with_the_write_c
>  ache_on_journaled_filesystems.3F

Either turning off write caches, or using barrier support is fine:

> With a single hard disk and barriers turned on (on=default), the
> drive write cache is flushed before an after a barrier is issued. A
> powerfail "only" loses data in the cache but no essential ordering is
> violated, and corruption will not occur.


>>> The xfs_logprint shows 'Bad log record header' xfs_logprint:
>>> /dev/sda2 contains a mounted and writable filesystem data device:
>>> 0x802 log device: 0x802 daddr: 15735648 length: 20480
>>> Header 0xa4 wanted 0xfeedbabe
> **********************************************************************
>>> * ERROR: header cycle=164         block=14634
> * 
> **********************************************************************
>>> Bad log record header
>>> So I wonder what may cause bad record header?
>> Probably the IO errors when attempting to write to the log ...
> What can I do with the log? Can I debug the issue using the log?

No; your hardware failed to write a requested log item, resulting in an
inconsistent log.  This is not an xfs bug - you need to focus on fixing
the underlying hardware problem.  XFS cannot guarantee a consistent
filesystem if the underlying storage hardware does not complete
requested IOs....

>>>>> How can I analyze the metadata dump file?
>>>> the metadump file is just the metadata skeleton of the
>>>> filesystem;
>> you
>>>> can mount it, repair it, point xfs_db at it to debug it, etc.
>>> Is there any tutorials or guideline in using xfs_db to debug the
>> issue?
>> xfs_db has a manpage, but I'm not sure the answer will be found by
> using
>> it.  It will only look at what data made it to the disk, and you
>> had
> an
>> IO error.
> Maybe I can use the log to find out what operation is failed and make
>  the log becomes bad then using xfs_db to analyze on the inode or
> block to find out the filename. After that I may know what's going
> with my code. Is it possible? How to do that? How to find out the
> inode or block from the log, and how to map the inode into filename
> using xfs_db?

What is your goal here?

All I see is "drive died, xfs stopped, filesystem was left in
inconsistent state due to hardware error" - I don't think there's
anything more to debug about what -happened-

If your goal is trying to get the filesystem back online (i.e. if it is
currently failing to mount), I'd probably suggest clearing out the log
and repairing the resulting fs with xfs_repair -L, and see what's left.


> -Hieu

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