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2.6.27.10: cannot mount xfs filesystem partition (12TiB) after reboot

To: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, linux-raid@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: 2.6.27.10: cannot mount xfs filesystem partition (12TiB) after reboot
From: Justin Piszcz <jpiszcz@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue, 23 Dec 2008 08:36:17 -0500 (EST)
Cc: bug-parted@xxxxxxx
User-agent: Alpine 1.10 (DEB 962 2008-03-14)
Kernel = 2.6.27.10
Parted = 1.8.8.git.2008.03.24-11.1

Can anyone help explain the problem here?

After a reboot:

p34:~# mount /dev/sda1 /r1
mount: you must specify the filesystem type

(from dmesg)
[   75.325551] XFS: bad magic number
[   75.325557] XFS: SB validate failed

p34:~# xfs_repair -n /dev/sda1
Phase 1 - find and verify superblock...
bad primary superblock - bad magic number !!!

attempting to find secondary superblock...
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................< 
no go >

So I re-did what I did before the reboot, this time though I removed the old partition and created a new one just as I did before.

p34:~# parted /dev/sda
GNU Parted 1.8.8
Using /dev/sda
Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.
(parted) p Model: AMCC 9650SE-16M DISK (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 13.0TB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt


Number  Start   End     Size    File system  Name  Flags
 1      17.4kB  13.0TB  13.0TB  xfs

(parted) rm 1
(parted) print Model: AMCC 9650SE-16M DISK (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 13.0TB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt


Number  Start  End  Size  File system  Name  Flags

(parted) q Information: You may need to update /etc/fstab.

p34:~# od -c -N 2000 /dev/sda
0000000  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
*
0000700 001  \0   î   þ   ÿ   ÿ 001  \0  \0  \0   ÿ   ÿ   ÿ   ÿ  \0  \0
0000720  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
*
0000760  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0   U   ª
0001000   E   F   I       P   A   R   T  \0  \0 001  \0   \  \0  \0  \0
0001020   ; 213   #   Ë  \0  \0  \0  \0 001  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
0001040   ÿ   ÿ   a   é 005  \0  \0  \0   "  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
0001060   Þ   ÿ   a   é 005  \0  \0  \0   ï   *   w   p   ê   £  \a   @
0001100   ©   ²   Þ 212 225   #   ½ 206 002  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
0001120 200  \0  \0  \0 200  \0  \0  \0 206   Ò   T   «  \0  \0  \0  \0
0001140  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0
*
0003720


p34:~# parted /dev/sda
GNU Parted 1.8.8
Using /dev/sda
Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.
(parted) p Model: AMCC 9650SE-16M DISK (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 13.0TB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt


Number  Start  End  Size  File system  Name  Flags

(parted) mklabel gpt Warning: The existing disk label on /dev/sda will be destroyed and all data on
this disk will be lost. Do you want to continue?
parted: invalid token: gpt
Yes/No? yes New disk label type? [gpt]? (parted) p Model: AMCC 9650SE-16M DISK (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 13.0TB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt


Number  Start  End  Size  File system  Name  Flags

(parted) mkpart Partition name? []? File system type? [ext2]? xfs Start? 0 End? 13T (parted) p Model: AMCC 9650SE-16M DISK (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 13.0TB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt


Number  Start   End     Size    File system  Name  Flags
 1      17.4kB  13.0TB  13.0TB  xfs

(parted) quit Information: You may need to update /etc/fstab.

p34:~# mount /dev/sda1 /r1
p34:~# df -h
/dev/sda1              12T  2.2T  9.8T  18% /r1

Is this normal? Now everything is fine etc, how come this information is not kept across reboots? Are partitions broken > 10T?

p34:~# od -c -N 200000 /dev/sda| grep -E '^.*X*F*S.*$'
0042000   X   F   S   B  \0  \0 020  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0   ½   ,   ?   ÷

p34:~# od -c -N 200000 /dev/sda| nl | grep -E '^.*X*F*S.*$'
    20  0042000   X   F   S   B  \0  \0 020  \0  \0  \0  \0  \0   ½   ,   ?   ÷

How come the information is 'lost' after a reboot?

I have done this same process with ext3 and no issues when the partition is
less than 6TiB, am I hitting some kind of bug here with parted or XFS?

Justin.
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