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[PATCH 0/5][TAKE8] fallocate system call

To: linux-fsdevel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, linux-ext4@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [PATCH 0/5][TAKE8] fallocate system call
From: "Amit K. Arora" <aarora@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sat, 14 Jul 2007 00:11:25 +0530
Cc: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx, tytso@xxxxxxx, cmm@xxxxxxxxxx, suparna@xxxxxxxxxx, adilger@xxxxxxxxxxxxx, dgc@xxxxxxx, michael.kerrisk@xxxxxxx
Sender: xfs-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxx
User-agent: Mutt/1.4.1i
This is the latest fallocate patchset and is based on 2.6.22.

* Following are the changes from TAKE7:
1) Updated the man page.
2) Merged "revalidate write permissions" patch with the main falloc patch.
3) Added linux/falloc.h and moved FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE flag to it.
   Also removed the two modes (FALLOC_ALLOCATE and FALLOC_RESV_SPACE).
4) Removed comment above sys_fallocate definition.
5) Updated the testcase below to use FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE flag instead
   of previous two modes.

* Following are the changes from TAKE6:
1) We now just have two modes (and no deallocation modes).
2) Updated the man page
3) Added a new patch submitted by David P. Quigley  (Patch 3/6).
4) Used EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN instead of 0x8000 in Patch 6/6.
4) Included below in the end is a small testcase to test fallocate.

* Following are the changes from TAKE5 to TAKE6:
1) Rebased to 2.6.22
2) Added compat wrapper for x86_64
3) Dropped s390 and ia64 patches, since the platform maintaners can
   add the support for fallocate once it is in mainline.
4) Added a change suggested by Andreas for better extent-to-group
   alignment in ext4 (Patch 6/6). Please refer following post:
5) Renamed mode flags and values from "FA_" to "FALLOC_"
6) Added manpage (updated version of the one initially submitted by
   David Chinner).

1> Implementation on other architectures (other than i386, x86_64,
   and ppc64). s390(x) and ia64 patches are ready and will be pushed
   by platform maintaners when the fallocate is in mainline.
2> A generic file system operation to handle fallocate
   (generic_fallocate), for filesystems that do _not_ have the fallocate
   inode operation implemented.
3> Changes to glibc,
   a) to support fallocate() system call
   b) to make posix_fallocate() and posix_fallocate64() call fallocate()
4> Patch to e2fsprogs to recognize and display uninitialized extents.

Following patches follow:
Patch 1/5 : manpage for fallocate
Patch 2/5 : fallocate() implementation in i386, x86_64 and powerpc
Patch 3/5 : ext4: fallocate support in ext4
Patch 4/5 : ext4: write support for preallocated blocks
Patch 5/5 : ext4: change for better extent-to-group alignment

Attached below is a small testcase to test fallocate. The __NR_fallocate will
need to be changed depending on the system call number in the kernel (it may
get changed due to merge) and also depending on the architecture.

Amit Arora

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <sys/vfs.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#define VERBOSE 0

#define __NR_fallocate                324

#define FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE     0x01

int do_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
  int ret;

  if (VERBOSE)
        printf("Trying to preallocate blocks (offset=%llu, len=%llu)\n",
                offset, len);
  ret = syscall(__NR_fallocate, fd, mode, offset, len);

  if (ret <0) {
        printf("SYSCALL: received error %d, ret=%d\n", errno, ret);

  if (VERBOSE)
        printf("fallocate system call succedded !  ret=%d\n", ret);

  return ret;

int test_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
  int ret, blocks;
  struct stat statbuf1, statbuf2;

  fstat(fd, &statbuf1);

  ret = do_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len);

  fstat(fd, &statbuf2);

  /* check file size after preallocation */
  if (!mode) {
        if (!ret && statbuf1.st_size < (offset + len) &&
            statbuf2.st_size != (offset + len)) {
                printf("Error: fallocate succeeded, but the file size did not "
                        "change, where it should have!\n");
                ret = 1;
  } else if (statbuf1.st_size != statbuf2.st_size) {
        printf("Error : File size changed, when it should not have!\n");
        ret = 1;

  blocks = ((statbuf2.st_blocks - statbuf1.st_blocks) * 512)/ 

  /* Print report */
  printf("# FALLOCATE TEST REPORT #\n");
  printf("\tNew blocks preallocated = %d.\n", blocks);
  printf("\tNumber of bytes preallocated = %d\n", blocks * statbuf2.st_blksize);
  printf("\tOld file size = %d, New file size %d.\n",
          statbuf1.st_size, statbuf2.st_size);
  printf("\tOld num blocks = %d, New num blocks %d.\n",
          (statbuf1.st_blocks * 512)/1024, (statbuf2.st_blocks * 512)/1024);

  return ret;

int do_write(int fd, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
  int ret;
  char *buf;

  buf = (char *)malloc(len);
  if (!buf) {
        printf("error: malloc failed.\n");

  if (VERBOSE)
        printf("Trying to write to file (offset=%llu, len=%llu)\n", 
                offset, len);

  ret = lseek(fd, offset, SEEK_SET);
  if (ret != offset) {
        printf("lseek() failed error=%d, ret=%d\n", errno, ret);

  ret = write(fd, buf, len);
  if (ret != len) {
         printf("write() failed error=%d, ret=%d\n", errno, ret);

  if (VERBOSE)
        printf("Write succedded ! Written %llu bytes ret=%d\n", len, ret);

  return ret;

int test_write(int fd, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
  int ret;

  ret = do_write(fd, offset, len);
  printf("# WRITE TEST REPORT #\n");
  if (ret > 0) printf("\t written %d bytes.\n", ret);
  else printf("\t write operation failed!\n");

  if (ret > 0) return 0;
  else return 1;

void usage(char **argv)
  printf("\n%s <option> <filename-with-path> <offset> <length>\n", argv[0]);
  printf("option can be one of the following :\n");
  printf("\t-f\t: preallocate. This maps to default mode.\n");
  printf("\t-F\t: preallocate, but do not change the file size.\n");
  printf("\t\t    This maps to FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE mode flag.\n");
  printf("\t-w\t: write some data to the range.\n");
  printf("\t-W\t: preallocate and write some data to the range.\n");

 * Arguments:
 * argv[1] = option (-f/-F/-w/-W/-m)
 * argv[2] = fname      : the file name with path
 * argv[3] = offset     : in bytes
 * argv[4] = len        : in bytes
int main(int argc, char **argv)
  int ret = 1, fd, mode;
  char *fname; 
  loff_t offset, len;

  if (argc!=5 || argv[1][0] != '-') {

  fname = argv[2];
  offset = (unsigned long long)atol(argv[3]);;
  len = (unsigned long long)atol(argv[4]);

  if (offset < 0 || len <= 0) {
        printf("%s: Invalid arguments.\n", argv[0]);

  fd = open(fname, O_CREAT|O_RDWR, 0666);
  if (fd < 0) {
        printf("Error opening file %s, error = %d.\n", fname, errno);

  /* -f */
  if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-f")) {
        mode = 0; /* default mode */
        ret = test_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len);
        if (ret) printf("test_fallocate: ERROR ! ret=%d\n", ret);
  /* -F */
  } else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-F")) {
        mode = FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE;
        ret = test_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len);
        if (ret) printf("test_fallocate: ERROR ! ret=%d\n", ret);
  /* -w */
  } else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-w")) {
        ret = test_write(fd, offset, len);
  /* -W */
  } else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-W")) {
        mode = 0; /* default mode */
        ret = test_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len);
        if (ret) {
                printf("test_fallocate: ERROR ! ret=%d\n", ret);
                goto out;
        ret = test_write(fd, offset, len);
        if (ret) printf("test_write: ERROR ! ret=%d\n", ret);
  } else {
        printf("%s: Invalid arguments.\n", argv[0]);


  if (!ret) printf("\n\n### TESTS PASSED ###\n");
  else printf("\n\n#!# TESTS FAILED #!#\n");

  return ret;

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