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Poor performance -- poor config?

To: xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: Poor performance -- poor config?
From: Robert Petkus <rpetkus@xxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2007 16:59:10 -0400
Cc: Petkus Robert <rpetkus@xxxxxxx>
Sender: xfs-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxx
User-agent: Thunderbird (X11/20070302)
I'm trying to configure a system (server + DS4700 disk array) that can offer the highest performance for our application. We will be reading and writing multiple threads of 1-2GB files with 1MB block sizes.
DS4700 config:
(16) 500 GB SATA disks
(3) 4+1 RAID 5 arrays and (1) hot spare == (3) 2TB LUNs.
(2) RAID arrays are on controller A, (1) RAID array is on controller B.
512k segment size

Server Config:
IBM x3550, 9GB RAM, RHEL 5 x86_64 (2.6.18)
The (3) LUNs are sdb, sdc {both controller A}, sdd {controller B}

My original goal was to use XFS and create a highly optimized config. Here is what I came up with: Create separate partitions for XFS log files: sdd1, sdd2, sdd3 each 150M -- 128MB is the maximum allowable XFS log size.
The XFS "stripe unit" (su) = 512k to match the DS4700 segment size
The "stripe width" ( (n-1)*sunit )= swidth=2048k  = sw=4 (a multiple of su)
4k is the max block size allowable on x86_64 since 4k is the max kernel page size

[root@~]# mkfs.xfs -l logdev=/dev/sdd1,size=128m -d su=512k -d sw=4 -f /dev/sdb [root@~]# mount -t xfs -o context=system_u:object_r:unconfined_t,noatime,nodiratime,logbufs=8,logdev=/dev/sdd1 /dev/sdb /data0

And the write performance is lousy compared to ext3 built like so:
[root@~]# mke2fs -j -m 1 -b4096 -E stride=128 /dev/sdc
[root@~]# mount -t ext3 -o noatime,nodiratime,context="system_u:object_r:unconfined_t:s0",reservation /dev/sdc /data1

What am I missing?


Robert Petkus
RHIC/USATLAS Computing Facility
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Physics Dept. - Bldg. 510A
Upton, New York 11973


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