I'm a bit confused. The problem occurs on multiple systems when using
xfsdump 2.2.14 on a blank tape. The first fs dumps ok, but the rest
just keep overwriting the second session.
The *older* versions seem to work, in fact I have switched 7 or so
systems to the 2.2.11 since it's the only way I can do backups.
Sorry if my post was a bit confusing... I made a second post with some
newer information. It looks to me like 2.2.12 was a regression, not a fix.
Mandy Kirkconnell wrote:
Jeremy Jackson wrote:
I have done dumps of the filesystems of 3 machines to a common tape
an Exabyte EXB-8500. One machine contains the tape drive, the other
rmt. Five tapes were filled (5GB each), with a sixth only partly used.
Next I wanted to test overwrite handling, as I was having problems
earlier version of xfsdump. I started a dump of a 75GB filesystem,
using the -o flag. I began with the partly used sixth tape. The
used dumps had apparently left a stream terminator at media file 12, and
this is where the dump began.
After the tape became full, a tape change was requested. I either
testing xfsdump, or I wasn't thinking clearly, so I accepted the tape
request without changing the tape. As I watched "xfsdump: preparing
the tape was rewound, and media files were examined. I was shocked to
it continue dumping at media file 12 *again*. It found a stream
and that was all it was waiting for!
I noticed a bug was fixed in 2.2.13 regarding handling multiple
backups to a
single tape, but I'm not sure what the exact problem was that was fixed.
The earlier dumps on the tapes were with the older version, 2.2.11-1, and
the *dump in question* was with 2.2.14-1.
As you suspected, this is caused by the problem that got fixed in
2.2.13. It's a nasty one! Any tape backups written with 2.2.12 or
earlier are not reliable when multiple dump sessions are involved.
The problem was introduced when xfsdump was ported from IRIX to Linux.
On IRIX, the TS tape driver sets EOF whether it is to the left OR right
of a tape mark. On Linux, the ST tape driver ONLY sets EOF when
positioned to the right of a tape mark. On IRIX, the MTBSF,1 (backward
space 1 filemark) ioctl moves backward along the tape until it finds a
filemark, then positions the tape to the RIGHT of (after) the filemark.
On Linux, the MTBSF,1 ioctl moves back one filemark and positions the
tape to the LEFT of (before) the filemark. These differences are very
These filemark positioning differences were causing the tape to be
rewound before each dump and the next dump would begin at the exact same
start position of the last dump. The result of this was that each new
dump would always overwrite the previous dump, so a tape would only ever
contain one full (most recent) dump session at a time!!
Please use 2.2.13 or later for any new backups.