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Re: [PATCH 2.6.11-rc4-mm1] connector: Add a fork connector

To: Guillaume Thouvenin <guillaume.thouvenin@xxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2.6.11-rc4-mm1] connector: Add a fork connector
From: Kaigai Kohei <kaigai@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 03 Mar 2005 12:18:25 +0900
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxx>, lkml <linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Evgeniy Polyakov <johnpol@xxxxxxxxxxx>, elsa-devel <elsa-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, Jay Lan <jlan@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, Gerrit Huizenga <gh@xxxxxxxxxx>, Erich Focht <efocht@xxxxxxxxxxxx>, Netlink List <netdev@xxxxxxxxxxx>
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Hello, Guillaume

I tried to measure the process-creation/destruction performance on 
2.6.11-rc4-mm1 plus
some extensiton(Normal/with PAGG/with Fork-Connector).
But I received a following messages endlessly on system console with 
Fork-Connector extensiton.

# on IA-64 environment / When an simple fork() iteration is run in parallel.
skb does not have enough length: requested msg->len=10[28], 
nlh->nlmsg_len=48[32], skb->len=48[must be 30].
skb does not have enough length: requested msg->len=10[28], 
nlh->nlmsg_len=48[32], skb->len=48[must be 30].
skb does not have enough length: requested msg->len=10[28], 
nlh->nlmsg_len=48[32], skb->len=48[must be 30].

Is's generated at drivers/connector/connector.c:__cn_rx_skb(), and this warn 
the length of msg's payload
does not fit in nlmsghdr's length.
This message means netlink packet is not sent to user space.
I was notified occurence of fork() by printk(). :-(

The attached simple *.c file can enable/disable fork-connector and listen the 
Because It's first experimence for me to write a code to use netlink, point out 
a right how-to-use
if there's some mistakes at user side apprication.


P.S. I can't reproduce lockup on 367th-fork() with your latest patch.

Guillaume Thouvenin wrote:
>   ChangeLog:
>     - Add parenthesis around sizeof(struct cn_msg) + CN_FORK_INFO_SIZE
>       in the CN_FORK_MSG_SIZE macro
>     - fork_cn_lock is declareed with DEFINE_SPINLOCK()
>     - fork_cn_lock is defined as static and local to fork_connector()
>     - Create a specific module cn_fork.c in drivers/connector to
>       register the callback.
>     - Improve the callback that turns on/off the fork connector
>   I also run the lmbench and results are send in response to another
> thread "A common layer for Accounting packages". When fork connector is
> turned off the overhead is negligible. This patch works with another
> small patch that fix a problem in the connector. Without it, there is a
> message that says "skb does not have enough length". It will be fix in
> the next -mm tree I think.
> Thanks everyone for the comments,
> Guillaume

Linux Promotion Center, NEC
KaiGai Kohei <kaigai@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>

void usage(){
  puts("usage: fclisten <on|off>");
  puts("  Default -> listening fork-connector");
  puts("  on      -> fork-connector Enable");
  puts("  off     -> fork-connector Disable");

#define MODE_LISTEN  (1)
#define MODE_ENABLE  (2)
#define MODE_DISABLE (3)

struct cb_id
  __u32                   idx;
  __u32                   val;

struct cn_msg
  struct cb_id            id;
  __u32                   seq;
  __u32                   ack;
  __u32                   len;            /* Length of the following data */
  __u8                    data[0];

int main(int argc, char *argv[]){
  char buf[4096];
  int mode, sockfd, len;
  struct sockaddr_nl ad;
  struct nlmsghdr *hdr = (struct nlmsghdr *)buf;
  struct cn_msg *msg = (struct cn_msg *)(buf+sizeof(struct nlmsghdr));
  case 1:
    mode = MODE_LISTEN;
  case 2:
    if (strcasecmp("on",argv[1])==0) {
      mode = MODE_ENABLE;
    }else if (strcasecmp("off",argv[1])==0){
      mode = MODE_DISABLE;
  if( (sockfd=socket(PF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_NFLOG)) < 0 ){
    fprintf(stderr, "Fault on socket().\n");
    return( 1 );
  ad.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
  ad.nl_pad = 0;
  ad.nl_pid = getpid();
  ad.nl_groups = -1;
  if( bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *)&ad, sizeof(ad)) ){
    fprintf(stderr, "Fault on bind to netlink.\n");
    return( 2 );

  if (mode==MODE_LISTEN) {
      len = recvfrom(sockfd, buf, 4096, 0, NULL, NULL);
      printf("%d-byte recv Seq=%d\n", len, hdr->nlmsg_seq);
    ad.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
    ad.nl_pad = 0;
    ad.nl_pid = 0;
    ad.nl_groups = 1;
    hdr->nlmsg_len = sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) + sizeof(struct cn_msg) + 
    hdr->nlmsg_type = 0;
    hdr->nlmsg_flags = 0;
    hdr->nlmsg_seq = 0;
    hdr->nlmsg_pid = getpid();
    msg->id.idx = 0xfeed;
    msg->id.val = 0xbeef;
    msg->seq = msg->ack = 0;
    msg->len = sizeof(int);

    if (mode==MODE_ENABLE){
      (*(int *)(msg->data)) = 1;
    } else {
      (*(int *)(msg->data)) = 0;
    sendto(sockfd, buf, sizeof(struct nlmsghdr)+sizeof(struct 
           0, (struct sockaddr *)&ad, sizeof(ad));
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