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Re: [PATCH 1/6] PKT_SCHED: Extended Matches API

To: Thomas Graf <tgraf@xxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/6] PKT_SCHED: Extended Matches API
From: Patrick McHardy <kaber@xxxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2005 01:12:29 +0100
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>, netdev@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <20050123230132.GC23931@postel.suug.ch>
References: <20050123230012.GB23931@postel.suug.ch> <20050123230132.GC23931@postel.suug.ch>
Sender: netdev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxx
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux x86_64; en-US; rv:1.7.5) Gecko/20050106 Debian/1.7.5-1
Thomas Graf wrote:

diff -Nru linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1.orig/include/net/pkt_cls.h 
linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1/include/net/pkt_cls.h
--- linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1.orig/include/net/pkt_cls.h     2005-01-23 
19:08:31.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1/include/net/pkt_cls.h  2005-01-23 19:08:44.000000000 
+0100
@@ -148,6 +148,176 @@
extern int tcf_exts_dump_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts,
                               struct tcf_ext_map *map);

+/**
+ * struct tcf_pkt_info - packet information
+ */
+struct tcf_pkt_info
+{
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NET_EMATCH
+
+struct tcf_ematch_ops;
+
+/**
+ * struct tcf_ematch - extended match (ematch)
+ * + * @matchid: identifier to allow userspace to reidentify a match
+ * @flags: flags specifying attributes and the relation to other matches
+ * @ops: the operations lookup table of the corresponding ematch module
+ * @datalen: length of the ematch specific configuration data
+ * @data: ematch specific data
+ */
+struct tcf_ematch
+{
+ u16 matchid;
+ u16 flags;
+ struct tcf_ematch_ops * ops;
+ unsigned int datalen;
+ unsigned long data;
+};


This layout leaves two holes on 64 bit, how about:

{
   struct tcf_ematch_ops *ops;
   unsigned long data;
   unsigned int datalen;
   u16 matchid;
   u16 flags;
};

diff -Nru linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1.orig/net/sched/ematch.c linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1/net/sched/ematch.c
--- linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1.orig/net/sched/ematch.c 1970-01-01 01:00:00.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.11-rc2-bk1/net/sched/ematch.c 2005-01-23 16:31:57.000000000 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,526 @@
+/*
+ * net/sched/ematch.c Extended Match API
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * Authors: Thomas Graf <tgraf@xxxxxxx>
+ *
+ * ==========================================================================
+ *
+ * An extended match (ematch) is a small classification tool not worth
+ * writing a full classifier for. Ematches can be interconnected to form
+ * a logic expression and get attached to classifiers to extend their
+ * functionatlity.
+ *
+ * The userspace part transforms the logic expressions into an array
+ * consisting of multiple sequences of interconnected ematches separated
+ * by markers. Precedence is implemented by a special ematch kind
+ * referencing a sequence beyond the marker of the current sequence
+ * causing the current position in the sequence to be pushed onto a stack
+ * to allow the current position to be overwritten by the position referenced
+ * in the special ematch. Matching continues in the new sequence until a
+ * marker is reached causing the position to be restored from the stack.
+ *
+ * Example:
+ * A AND (B1 OR B2) AND C AND D
+ *
+ * ------->-PUSH-------
+ * -->-- / -->-- \ -->--
+ * / \ / / \ \ / \
+ * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+--------+
+ * | A AND | B AND | C AND | D END | B1 OR | B2 END |
+ * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+--------+
+ * \ /
+ * --------<-POP---------
+ *
+ * where B is a virtual ematch referencing to sequence starting with B1.
+ * + * ==========================================================================
+ *
+ * How to write an ematch in 60 seconds
+ * ------------------------------------
+ * + * 1) Provide a matcher function:
+ * static int my_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch *m,
+ * struct tcf_pkt_info *info)
+ * {
+ * struct mydata *d = (struct mydata *) m->data;
+ *
+ * if (...matching goes here...)
+ * return 1;
+ * else
+ * return 0;
+ * }
+ *
+ * 2) Fill out a struct tcf_ematch_ops:
+ * static struct tcf_ematch_ops my_ops = {
+ * .kind = unique id,
+ * .datalen = sizeof(struct mydata),
+ * .match = my_match,
+ * .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ * };
+ *
+ * 3) Register/Unregister your ematch:
+ * static int __init init_my_ematch(void)
+ * {
+ * return tcf_em_register(&my_ops);
+ * }
+ *
+ * static void __exit exit_my_ematch(void)
+ * {
+ * return tcf_em_unregister(&my_ops);
+ * }
+ *
+ * module_init(init_my_ematch);
+ * module_exit(exit_my_ematch);
+ *
+ * 4) By now you should have two more seconds left, barely enough to
+ * open up a beer to watch the compilation going.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <net/pkt_cls.h>
+#include <config/net/ematch/stack.h>
+
+static LIST_HEAD(ematch_ops);
+static DEFINE_RWLOCK(ematch_mod_lock);
+
+static inline struct tcf_ematch_ops * tcf_em_lookup(u16 kind)


+{
+       struct tcf_ematch_ops *e = NULL;
+
+       read_lock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+       list_for_each_entry(e, &ematch_ops, link) {
+               if (kind == e->kind) {
+                       if (!try_module_get(e->owner))
+                               e = NULL;
+                       break;
+               }
+       }

e is the iterator, if nothing matched it will contain the last element now

+ read_unlock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+
+ return e;
+}
+
+/**
+ * tcf_em_register - register an extended match
+ * + * @ops: ematch operations lookup table
+ *
+ * This function must be called by ematches to announce their presence.
+ * The given @ops must have kind set to a unique identifier and the
+ * callback match() must be implemented. All other callbacks are optional
+ * and a fallback implementation is used instead.
+ *
+ * Returns -EEXISTS if an ematch of the same kind has already registered.
+ */
+int tcf_em_register(struct tcf_ematch_ops *ops)
+{
+ int err = -EEXIST;
+ struct tcf_ematch_ops *e;
+
+ write_lock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(e, &ematch_ops, link)
+ if (ops->kind == e->kind)
+ goto errout;
+
+ list_add_tail(&ops->link, &ematch_ops);
+ err = 0;
+errout:
+ write_unlock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * tcf_em_unregister - unregster and extended match
+ *
+ * @ops: ematch operations lookup table
+ *
+ * This function must be called by ematches to announce their disappearance
+ * for examples when the module gets unloaded. The @ops parameter must be
+ * the same as the one used for registration.
+ *
+ * Returns -ENOENT if no matching ematch was found.
+ */
+int tcf_em_unregister(struct tcf_ematch_ops *ops)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+ struct tcf_ematch_ops *e;
+
+ write_lock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(e, &ematch_ops, link) {
+ if (e == ops) {
+ list_del(&e->link);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ err = -ENOENT;
+out:
+ write_unlock(&ematch_mod_lock);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static inline struct tcf_ematch * tcf_em_get_match(struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree,
+ int index)
+{
+ return &tree->matches[index];
+}
+
+
+static int tcf_em_validate(struct tcf_proto *tp,
+ struct tcf_ematch_tree_hdr *tree_hdr,
+ struct tcf_ematch *em, struct rtattr *rta, int idx)
+{
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+ struct tcf_ematch_hdr *em_hdr = RTA_DATA(rta);
+ int data_len = RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) - sizeof(*em_hdr);
+ void *data = (void *) em_hdr + sizeof(*em_hdr);
+
+ if (!TCF_EM_REL_VALID(em_hdr->flags))
+ goto errout;
+
+ if (em_hdr->kind == TCF_EM_CONTAINER) {
+ /* Special ematch called "container", carries an index
+ * referencing an external ematch sequence. */
+ u32 ref;
+
+ if (data_len < sizeof(ref))
+ goto errout;
+ ref = *(u32 *) data;
+
+ if (ref >= tree_hdr->nmatches)
+ goto errout;
+
+ /* We do not allow backward jumps to avoid loops and jumps
+ * to our own position are of course illegal. */
+ if (ref <= idx)
+ goto errout;
+
+
+ em->data = ref;
+ } else {
+ /* Note: This lookup will increase the module refcnt
+ * of the ematch module referenced. In case of a failure,
+ * a destroy function is called by the underlying layer
+ * which automatically releases the reference again, therefore
+ * the module MUST not be given back under any circumstances
+ * here. Be aware, the destroy function assumes that the
+ * module is held if the ops field is non zero. */
+ em->ops = tcf_em_lookup(em_hdr->kind);
+
+ if (em->ops == NULL) {
+ err = -ENOENT;
+ goto errout;
+ }
+
+ /* ematch module provides expected length of data, so we
+ * can do a basic sanity check. */
+ if (em->ops->datalen && data_len < em->ops->datalen)
+ goto errout;
+
+ if (em->ops->change) {
+ err = em->ops->change(tp, data, data_len, em);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto errout;
+ } else if (data_len > 0) {
+ /* ematch module doesn't provide an own change
+ * procedure and expects us to allocate and copy
+ * the ematch data.
+ *
+ * TCF_EM_SIMPLE may be specified stating that the
+ * data only consists of a u32 integer and the module
+ * does not expected a memory reference but rather
+ * the value carried. */
+ if (em_hdr->flags & TCF_EM_SIMPLE) {
+ if (data_len < sizeof(u32))
+ goto errout;
+ em->data = *(u32 *) data;
+ } else {
+ void *v = kmalloc(data_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (v == NULL) {
+ err = -ENOBUFS;
+ goto errout;
+ }
+ memcpy(v, data, data_len);
+ em->data = (unsigned long) v;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ em->matchid = em_hdr->matchid;
+ em->flags = em_hdr->flags;
+ em->datalen = data_len;
+
+ err = 0;
+errout:
+ return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * tcf_em_tree_validate - validate ematch config TLV and build ematch tree
+ *
+ * @tp: classifier kind handle
+ * @rta: ematch tree configuration TLV
+ * @tree: destination ematch tree variable to store the resulting
+ * ematch tree.
+ *
+ * This function validates the given configuration TLV @rta and builds an
+ * ematch tree in @tree. The resulting tree must later be copied into
+ * the private classifier data using tcf_em_tree_change(). You MUST NOT
+ * provide the ematch tree variable of the private classifier data directly,
+ * the changes would not be locked properly.
+ *
+ * Returns a negative error code if the configuration TLV contains errors.
+ */
+int tcf_em_tree_validate(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct rtattr *rta,
+ struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree)
+{
+ int idx, list_len, matches_len, err = -EINVAL;
+ struct rtattr *tb[TCA_EMATCH_TREE_MAX];
+ struct rtattr *rt_match, *rt_hdr, *rt_list;
+ struct tcf_ematch_tree_hdr *tree_hdr;
+ struct tcf_ematch *em;
+
+ if (rtattr_parse_nested(tb, TCA_EMATCH_TREE_MAX, rta) < 0)
+ goto errout;
+
+ rt_hdr = tb[TCA_EMATCH_TREE_HDR-1];
+ rt_list = tb[TCA_EMATCH_TREE_LIST-1];
+
+ if (rt_hdr == NULL || rt_list == NULL)
+ goto errout;
+
+ if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rt_hdr) < sizeof(*tree_hdr) ||
+ RTA_PAYLOAD(rt_list) < sizeof(*rt_match))
+ goto errout;
+
+ tree_hdr = RTA_DATA(rt_hdr);
+ memcpy(&tree->hdr, tree_hdr, sizeof(*tree_hdr));
+
+ rt_match = RTA_DATA(rt_list);
+ list_len = RTA_PAYLOAD(rt_list);
+ matches_len = tree_hdr->nmatches * sizeof(*em);
+
+ tree->matches = kmalloc(matches_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (tree->matches == NULL)
+ goto errout;
+ memset(tree->matches, 0, matches_len);
+
+ /* We do not use rtattr_parse_nested here because the maximum
+ * number of attributes is unknown. This saves us the allocation
+ * for a tb buffer which would serve no purpose at all.
+ * + * The array of rt attributes is parsed in the order as they are
+ * provided, their type must be incremental from 1 to n. Even
+ * if it does not serve any real purpose, a failure of sticking
+ * to this policy will result in parsing failure. */
+ for (idx = 0; RTA_OK(rt_match, list_len); idx++) {
+ err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (rt_match->rta_type != (idx + 1))
+ goto errout_abort;
+
+ if (idx >= tree_hdr->nmatches)
+ goto errout_abort;
+
+ if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rt_match) < sizeof(struct tcf_ematch_hdr))
+ goto errout_abort;
+
+ em = tcf_em_get_match(tree, idx);
+
+ err = tcf_em_validate(tp, tree_hdr, em, rt_match, idx);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto errout_abort;
+
+ rt_match = RTA_NEXT(rt_match, list_len);
+ }
+
+ /* Check if the number of matches provided by userspace actually
+ * complies with the array of matches. The number was used for
+ * the validation of references and a mismatch could lead to
+ * undefined references during the matching process. */
+ if (idx != tree_hdr->nmatches) {
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ goto errout_abort;
+ }
+
+ err = 0;
+errout:
+ return err;
+
+errout_abort:
+ tcf_em_tree_destroy(tp, tree);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * tcf_em_tree_destroy - destroy an ematch tree
+ *
+ * @tp: classifier kind handle
+ * @tree: ematch tree to be deleted
+ *
+ * This functions destroys an ematch tree previously created by
+ * tcf_em_tree_validate()/tcf_em_tree_change(). You must ensure that
+ * the ematch tree is not in use before calling this function.
+ */
+void tcf_em_tree_destroy(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (tree->matches == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < tree->hdr.nmatches; i++) {
+ struct tcf_ematch *em = tcf_em_get_match(tree, i);
+
+ if (em->ops) {
+ if (em->ops->destroy)
+ em->ops->destroy(tp, em);
+ else if (!tcf_em_is_simple(em) && em->data)
+ kfree((void *) em->data);
+ module_put(em->ops->owner);
+ }
+ }
+
+ tree->hdr.nmatches = 0;
+ kfree(xchg(&tree->matches, NULL));


xchg is not necessary here. Setting tree->matches to NULL also doesn't look
necessary. As the comment above indicates, the caller needs to ensure the
tree is unsused, so it should be easy for him to ensure he won't destroy the
same tree twice.

+}
+
+/**
+ * tcf_em_tree_dump - dump ematch tree into a rtnl message
+ *
+ * @skb: skb holding the rtnl message
+ * @t: ematch tree to be dumped
+ * @tlv: TLV type to be used to encapsulate the tree
+ *
+ * This function dumps a ematch tree into a rtnl message. It is valid to
+ * call this function while the ematch tree is in use.
+ *
+ * Returns -1 if the skb tailroom is insufficient.
+ */
+int tcf_em_tree_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree, int tlv)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct rtattr * top_start = (struct rtattr*) skb->tail;
+ struct rtattr * list_start;
+
+ RTA_PUT(skb, tlv, 0, NULL);
+ RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_EMATCH_TREE_HDR, sizeof(tree->hdr), &tree->hdr);
+
+ list_start = (struct rtattr *) skb->tail;
+ RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_EMATCH_TREE_LIST, 0, NULL);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < tree->hdr.nmatches; i++) {
+ struct rtattr *match_start = (struct rtattr*) skb->tail;
+ struct tcf_ematch *em = tcf_em_get_match(tree, i);
+ struct tcf_ematch_hdr em_hdr = {
+ .kind = em->ops ? em->ops->kind : TCF_EM_CONTAINER,
+ .matchid = em->matchid,
+ .flags = em->flags
+ };
+
+ RTA_PUT(skb, i+1, sizeof(em_hdr), &em_hdr);
+
+ if (em->ops && em->ops->dump) {
+ if (em->ops->dump(skb, em) < 0)
+ goto rtattr_failure;
+ } else if (tcf_em_is_container(em) || tcf_em_is_simple(em)) {
+ u32 u = em->data;
+ RTA_PUT_NOHDR(skb, sizeof(u), &u);
+ } else if (em->datalen > 0)
+ RTA_PUT_NOHDR(skb, em->datalen, (void *) em->data);
+
+ match_start->rta_len = skb->tail - (u8*) match_start;
+ }
+
+ list_start->rta_len = skb->tail - (u8 *) list_start;
+ top_start->rta_len = skb->tail - (u8 *) top_start;
+
+ return 0;
+
+rtattr_failure:
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static inline int tcf_em_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch *em,
+ struct tcf_pkt_info *info)
+{
+ int r;
+
+ if (likely(em->ops->match))


gcc assumes likely for ptr != NULL by default. Is there a reason why a match
wouldn't have a match function ?

+ r = em->ops->match(skb, em, info);
+ else
+ r = 0;
+
+ return tcf_em_is_inverted(em) ? !r : r;
+}
+
+/* Do not use this function directly, use tcf_em_tree_match instead */
+int __tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree,
+ struct tcf_pkt_info *info)
+{
+ int stackp = 0, match_idx = 0, res = 0;
+ struct tcf_ematch *cur_match;
+ int stack[CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_STACK];


+
+proceed:
+       while (match_idx < tree->hdr.nmatches) {
+               cur_match = tcf_em_get_match(tree, match_idx);
+
+               if (tcf_em_is_container(cur_match)) {
+                       if (unlikely(stackp >= CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_STACK))
+                               goto stack_overflow;
+
+                       stack[stackp++] = match_idx;
+                       match_idx = cur_match->data;
+                       goto proceed;
+               }
+
+               res = tcf_em_match(skb, cur_match, info);
+
+               if (tcf_em_early_end(cur_match, res))
+                       break;
+
+               match_idx++;
+       }
+
+pop_stack:
+       if (stackp > 0) {
+               match_idx = stack[--stackp];
+               cur_match = tcf_em_get_match(tree, match_idx);
+
+               if (tcf_em_early_end(cur_match, res))
+                       goto pop_stack;
+               else {
+                       match_idx++;
+                       goto proceed;
+               }
+       }
+
+       return res;
+
+stack_overflow:
+       if (net_ratelimit())
+               printk("Local stack overflow, increase NET_EMATCH_STACK\n");
+       return -1;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcf_em_register);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcf_em_unregister);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcf_em_tree_validate);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcf_em_tree_destroy);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcf_em_tree_dump);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__tcf_em_tree_match);





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