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Re: [E1000-devel] Transmission limit

To: P@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: Re: [E1000-devel] Transmission limit
From: Robert Olsson <Robert.Olsson@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2004 16:40:04 +0100
Cc: mellia@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, e1000-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Jorge Manuel Finochietto <jorge.finochietto@xxxxxxxxx>, Giulio Galante <galante@xxxxxxxxx>, netdev@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <>
References: <> <>
Sender: netdev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxx
P@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx writes:
 > I'm forwarding this to netdev, as these are very interesting
 > results (even if I don't beleive them).

 > I questioned whether you actually did receive at that rate to
 > which you responded:
 >  > - using Click, we can receive 100% of (small) packets at gigabit
 >  >   speed with TWO cards (2gigabit/s ~ 2.8Mpps)
 >  > - using linux and standard e1000 driver, we can receive up to about
 >  >   80% of traffic from a single nic (~1.1Mpps)
 >  > - using linux and a modified (simplified) version of the driver, we
 >  >   can receive 100% on a single nic, but not 100% using two nics (up
 >  >   to ~1.5Mpps).
 >  >
 >  > Reception means: receiving the packet up to the rx ring at the
 >  > kernel level, and then IMMEDIATELY drop it (no packet processing,
 >  > no forwarding, nothing more...)
 In more detail please... The RX ring must be refilled? And HW DMA's
 the to memory-buffer? But I assume data it not touched otherwise.

 Touching the packet-data givs a major impact. See eth_type_trans
 in all profiles.

 So what forwarding numbers is seen?
 >  > But the limit in TRANSMISSION seems to be 700Kpps. Regardless of
 >  > - the traffic generator,
 >  > - the driver version,
 >  > - the O.S. (linux/click),
 >  > - the hardware (broadcom card have the same limit).
 > > 
 > > - in transmission we CAN ONLY trasmit about 700.000 pkt/s when the
 > > minimum sized packets are considered (64bytes long ethernet minumum
 > > frame size). That is about HALF the maximum number of pkt/s considering
 > > a gigabit link.
 > > 
 > > What is weird, is that if we artificially "preload" the NIC tx-fifo with
 > > packets, and then instruct it to start sending them, those are actually
 > > transmitted AT WIRE SPEED!!

 OK. Good to know about e1000. Networking is most DMA's and CPU is used 
 adminstating it this is the challange.

 > > These results have been obtained considering different software
 > > generators (namely, UDPGEN, PACKETGEN, Application level generators)
 > > under LINUX (2.4.x, 2.6.x), and under CLICK (using a modified version of
 > > UDPGEN).

 We get a hundred kpps more...Turn off all mitigation so interrupts are 
 undelayed so TX ring can be filled as quick as possible.

 Even you could try to fill TX as soon as the HW says there are available
 buffers. This could even be done from TX-interrupt.
 > > The hardware setup considers 
 > > - a 2.8GHz Xeon hardware
 > > - PCI-X bus (133MHz/64bit)
 > > - 1G of Ram
 > > - Intel PRO 1000 MT single, double, and quad cards, integrated or on a
 > > PCI slot.

 > > Is there any limit on the PCI-X (or PCI) that can be the bottleneck?
 > > Or Limit on the number of packets per second that can be stored in the
 > > NIC tx-fifo?
 > > May the lenght of the tx-fifo impact on this?

 Small packet performance is dependent on low latency. Higher bus speed
 gives shorter latency but also on higher speed buses there use to be  
 bridges that adds latency.

 For packet generation we use still 866 MHz PIII:s and 82543GC on serverworks
 64-bit board which are faster than most other systems. So for testing routing 
 performance in pps we have to use several flows. This gives the advantage to 
 test SMP/NUMA as well.


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